, Volume 197, Issue 1, pp 15–19 | Cite as

Static and Dynamic Lung Volumes in Swimmers and Their Ventilatory Response to Maximal Exercise

  • Bryn Rosser-Stanford
  • Karianne Backx
  • Rachel Lord
  • Edgar Mark WilliamsEmail author



While the static and dynamic lung volumes of active swimmers is often greater than the predicted volume of similarly active non-swimmers, little is known if their ventilatory response to exercise is also different.


Three groups of anthropometrically matched male adults were recruited, daily active swimmers (n = 15), daily active in fields sport (Rugby and Football) (n = 15), and recreationally active (n = 15). Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV) was measured before and after exercise to volitional exhaustion.


Swimmers had significantly larger FVC (6.2 ± 0.6 l, 109 ± 9% pred) than the other groups (5.6 ± 0.5 l, 106 ± 13% pred, 5.5 ± 0.8, 99% pred, the sportsmen and recreational groups, respectively). FEV1 and MVV were not different. While at peak exercise, all groups reached their ventilatory reserve (around 20%), the swimmers had a greater minute ventilation rate than the recreational group (146 ± 19 vs 120 ± 87 l/min), delivering this volume by breathing deeper and slower.


The swimmers utilised their larger static volumes (FVC) differently during exercise by meeting their ventilation volume through long and deep breaths.


Tidal volume Swimmers \(\dot {V}\)O2 max Ventilatory reserve MVV 



The authors would like to thank the participants for giving their time freely.


No funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

No conflicts exist for any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bryn Rosser-Stanford
    • 1
  • Karianne Backx
    • 1
  • Rachel Lord
    • 1
  • Edgar Mark Williams
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Cardiff School of SportCardiff Metropolitan UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Life Sciences and EducationUniversity of South WalesPontypriddUK

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