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The impact of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on olfactory function and pain after septoplasty operations

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Abstract

Background

We aimed to investigate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on olfactory function and pain score in patients who underwent septoplasty.

Methods

This prospective randomized observational study was performed between 2018 January and 2019 April with 148 patients who had septoplasty operation. Patients were divided two groups and 74 patients were placed in group 1 to which PRF was applied after the completion of septoplasty whereas 67 patients were put in group 2 which did not undergo PRF. Sniffin’ Sticks test was applied to all patients at pre-op, post-op 1-week, 6-week, and 6-month. Pain scores of patients were measured with visual analogue scale at 1 and 3 week.

Results

The distribution of patients according to pre-op olfactory function (normo-hypo-anosmia), there was no significant differences statistically (p > 0.05). When we compared the 1-week post-op results of Sniffin’ Sticks test of patients, we found differences between the groups (p < 0.05). It was observed in the early postoperative period that according to the Sniffin’ Sticks test scores, the results of the PRF group were better than those of the non-PRF group. At 6-week and 6-month, between the groups; there was no differences in terms of olfactory function. When we looked at the pain score of patients at 1 and 3 week after septoplasty; significant differences were obtained between groups.

Conclusion

The application of PRF to the mucosal surface after the completion of septoplasty, has positive effect on olfactory function and pain especially in the early postoperative period. During the healing process, it was observed that prf maintained better odor functions. It is a minimally invasive technique with low risks and satisfactory clinical results.

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Funding

The authors have no other funding financial relationships.

Author information

Correspondence to Belgin Tutar.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The study was approved by Local ethic commitee (Okmeydanı training and research hospital 25.04.2017—48670771-514.10/646).

Informed consent

The study design was prospective study and this research was performed with human participants. All patients were signed written informed consent.

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Tutar, B., Ekincioglu, E., Karaketir, S. et al. The impact of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on olfactory function and pain after septoplasty operations. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-020-05839-6

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Keywords

  • Septoplasty
  • Platelet rich fibrin
  • Anosmia
  • Visual anolog scale