Quantitative criteria for age-related hearing loss using audiometric configuration analysis
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To suggest the most adaptable criteria of age-related hearing loss (ARHL) using prevalence matching with population-based data.
We chose 30, 25, 20, and 15 dB as gap ranges of cutoff values of the descending type of hearing loss, between an average of low (500 Hz, 1 kHz) and high (4 kHz, 6 kHz) frequencies. Interaural difference was defined as 10 or 15 dB. Hearing loss was defined over 25 dB. We compared the prevalence results of the cross-matching criteria. We used population-based data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We assumed that the prevalence of ARHL ranged from 25 to 35%, and this prevalence will increase gradually with age.
Among the eight possible criteria, age ≥ 65 years, average of all frequencies > 25 dB at the each sides, gap between low- and high frequencies ≥ 20 dB, and interaural difference ≤ 10 dB were the most suitable criteria to suggest a quantitative definition of ARHL audiometrically.
In the current study, we recommend the new, quantitative ARHL criteria. The suggested criteria for ARHL might be easily accessed by other researchers to demonstrate their own hypotheses.
KeywordsPresbycusis Age-related hearing impairment Prevalence Epidemiology Classification
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (NRF-2016R1D1A1B01014128), Republic of Korea
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
No known or potential conflicts of interest exist.
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