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Prognostic value of advanced lung cancer inflammation index in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

  • Bernhard J. Jank
  • Lorenz KadletzEmail author
  • Julia Schnöll
  • Edgar Selzer
  • Christos Perisanidis
  • Gregor Heiduschka
Head & Neck
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

The advanced lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) is a useful tool for prediction of outcome in several malignancies. However, to date, its significance in head and neck cancer patients has not been evaluated.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed data from 93 patients who were diagnosed with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and treated with surgical resection and postoperative radiotherapy between 2002 and 2012. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the preoperative ALI is a prognostic indicator for disease-free survival and overall survival in HNSCC patients.

Results

A low ALI was significantly associated with a worse 5-year disease-free survival (47.0 vs. 83.5%, p < 0.001), and overall survival (44.4 vs. 73.6%, p = 0.008). Multivariate analysis showed that low ALI was independently associated with disease-free survival (p < 0.001) and overall survival (p = 0.02).

Conclusion

The ALI could serve as an easily available prognostic indicator for disease-free and overall survival prediction in patients with HNSCC.

Keywords

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma Advanced lung cancer inflammation index Disease-free survival Overall survival Recurrence risk Precision medicine 

Notes

Funding

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

Ethical approval

The institutional research board approved this study (EK 1311/2018)

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all patients to use their clinical data for a scientific purpose.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck SurgeryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  3. 3.Department of Radiation OncologyMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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