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Comparative prognosis in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome and Bell’s palsy

  • Seok Hyun Kim
  • Junyang Jung
  • Su Young Jung
  • Sung Hwa Dong
  • Jae Yong Byun
  • Moon Suh Park
  • Sang Hoon Kim
  • Seung Geun YeoEmail author
Otology
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome have a poorer prognosis than patients with Bell’s palsy. Factors of metabolic syndrome affecting prognosis were therefore compared between patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome and those with Bell’s palsy.

Methods

This retrospective study included 106 with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome and 182 with Bell’s palsy. Age, sex, body mass index, blood pressure, blood test results, and ENoG results, stratified by House–Brackmann grade, were compared in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome and Bell’s palsy. Both groups of patients were treated with steroids and the antiviral agent famciclovir.

Results

Age, sex, body mass index, dyslipidemia, triglyceride, diabetes, hypertension, and onset of palsy did not differ in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome and Bell’s palsy. Rates of favorable recovery in patients with severe facial palsy and DM were lower in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome than with Bell’s palsy and were also lower in low-weight, normal weight, and overweight patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome than with Bell’s palsy. Rates of favorable recovery in patients with severe facial palsy and normal HDL, as well as in patients with severe facial palsy and < 10% ENoG, were lower in patients with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome than with Bell’s palsy.

Conclusions

Among patients with severe facial palsy, along with diabetes and < 10% ENoG, unfavorable recovery rates were significantly higher in those with Ramsay-Hunt syndrome than with Bell’s palsy.

Keywords

Bell’s palsy Ramsay-Hunt syndrome Metabolic syndrome Prognosis Facial palsy 

Notes

Funding

The authors have no funding or financial relationships to disclose.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of MedicineKyung Hee UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of MedicineKyung Hee UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Myongji HospitalHanyang University Medical CenterGoyangRepublic of Korea

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