Maternal hyperuricemia as a marker of post-spinal hypotension and uterine tone during cesarean delivery: a prospective observational study

  • Nidhi Bhatia
  • R. Shanmugam
  • Kajal JainEmail author
  • Pooja Sikka
  • Indu Verma
Maternal-Fetal Medicine



Raised serum uric acid, a marker of oxidative stress, is known to increase vascular tone and depress myometrial contractility. A rise in serum uric acid levels has also been reported during labor, warranting its correlation with post-spinal hypotension and uterine tone.


Serum UA sample was drawn from enrolled healthy, laboring parturients. Of these, 100 women who required emergency cesarean delivery were re-sampled prior to surgery. Following spinal anesthesia we recorded episodes of hypotension (MAP < 80% of baseline), use of vasopressors and supplemental uterotonics. The primary outcome was maternal hyperuricemia (1SD > appropriate for gestation age) and its correlation with post-spinal hypotension. Secondary outcomes were total vasopressors used, duration of labor and its effect on uric acid levels, uterine tone and neonatal outcome.


Hyperuricemia was observed in 33% of parturients. On comparing with women showing normal uric acid levels, hyperuricemic parturients experienced significantly lower incidence of post-spinal hypotension (45.5% vs. 67.2%; p value = 0.04) and lower vasopressor usage (p value = 0.06). Clinically, an increased use of supplemental uterotonics in these parturients was noted (p = 0.20). The duration of labor had no impact on uric acid levels. Neonatal outcome was unaffected.


In healthy, normotensive parturients undergoing emergency cesarean delivery, maternal hyperuricemia is associated with lower incidence of post-spinal hypotension and reduced need of vasopressors. Elevated serum uric acid levels may also be associated with decreased uterine tone, necessitating greater requirement of supplemental uterotonics. However, further prospective trials are needed to strongly establish this association.


Emergency cesarean delivery Maternal hyperuricemia Post-spinal hypotension Uterine tone 


Author contributions

NB: protocol development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing. RS: protocol development, patient recruitment, data collection and data analysis, manuscript writing. KJ: protocol development, data analysis and manuscript writing. PS: protocol development, data analysis, manuscript editing. IV: protocol development and data analysis, manuscript editing.



Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CarePost-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyPost-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia
  3. 3.Department of BiochemistryPost-Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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