Hereditary thrombophilia genetic variants in recurrent pregnancy loss
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The relationship between thrombophilia genes and recurrent pregnancy loss has been discussed. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between of MTHFR C677T, A1298C, F2G20210A, and F5 G1691A genetic variants among Iranian women with recurrent miscarriage.
A total of 245 women with two or more recurrent pregnancy loss, with mean age years were enrolled in the study. To compare genotypes, we have selected 250 healthy women without history of miscarriage as control group. Genomic DNA of participants was evaluated using polymerase chain reaction followed by Sanger sequencing to determine the genotype frequency.
The mean age were 32.16 ± (21–42) and 31.81 ± (19–40) for case and control groups respectively. MTHFR C677T and A1298C mutant alleles were found to be significantly more prevalent in patients than control. However, F2G20210A and F5 G1691A genetic variants showed no significance.
The allele frequencies for the assessed genotypes in this study are consistent with the data obtained for other countries. We observed significant susceptible effects of MTHFR C677T, and A1298C among participants. According to the relatively high prevalence of these variants, we recommend genetic testing for women with RPL before therapeutic decisions.
KeywordsThrombophilia Variants MTHFR Recurrent pregnancy loss
NA: experiments, data analysis, writing manuscript. MD: bioinformatics. NM: clinical examination and gynecology. MA: clinical examination and gynecology. SS: experiments. SM: writing manuscript. EGK: genetic counseling, manuscript revision.
This study was supported by Next Generation Genetic Polyclinic.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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