Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 298, Issue 5, pp 971–979 | Cite as

Predicting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia recurrence in HIV-infected and -noninfected women by detecting aberrant promoter methylation in the CDH1, TIMP3, and MGMT genes

  • Claudia Teixeira da Costa LodiEmail author
  • Márcia Antoniazi Michelin
  • Maria Inês Miranda Lima
  • Eddie Fernando Candido Murta
  • Letícia da Conceição Braga
  • Leticia Montes
  • Victor Hugo Melo
Gynecologic Oncology



Aberrant DNA methylation is present in virtually all types of human cancer. There is no clear evidence that methylation status can predict bad prognosis in patients with CIN recurrence in HIV infected. This study evaluates the relationship between aberrant methylation of CpG islands of CDH1, TIMP3 and MGMT genes and CIN recurrence in HIV-infected and -noninfected women.


This is a nested case–control study involving 33 cases with CIN recurrence and 114 controls without recurrence, HIV infected and noninfected, treated with LEEP, between 1999 and 2004. Recurrence diagnosis was established after biopsy. Genes methylation profile was assessed by MSP-PCR technique in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded cone specimens. Statistical analysis was performed to compare categorical variables, using χ2 test with Yates correction and Fisher’s exact test. Multivariate analysis was carried out using logistic regression.


CIN recurrence was more frequent in women with glandular involvement (OR 11.6; 95% CI 2.93–45.89) and compromised surgical margins (OR 2.5; 95% CI 0.87–7.27) in the cervical cone and in HIV-infected women (OR 2.47; 95% CI 0.87–7.05). One methylated allele of CDH1, TIMP3 and MGMT genes was present in 87.9% women with CIN recurrence. Promoter hypermethylation of TIMP3 and MGMT was detected in women with CIN recurrence and without CIN recurrence independent of HIV infection with significant difference between groups (p = 0.04 and p = 0.02, respectively).


CIN recurrence was associated with glandular involvement and compromised margins in cone biopsy and HIV infection. The presence of CpG islands hemimethylation in TIMP3 and MGMT genes is a promising triage method in CIN recurrence.


DNA methylation Human immunodeficiency virus Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia Recurrence Loop electrosurgical excision procedure Human papillomavirus 



We thank FAPEMIG for the financial support in this study.

Author contribution

CTCL: Project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing.MAM: Project development. MIML: Data collection. EFCM: Project development. LCB: data analysis, manuscript writing. LM: Project development.

VHM-Project development, Data Collection, Data analysis, Manuscript writing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies in volving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and withthe 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Teixeira da Costa Lodi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Márcia Antoniazi Michelin
    • 2
  • Maria Inês Miranda Lima
    • 3
  • Eddie Fernando Candido Murta
    • 2
  • Letícia da Conceição Braga
    • 4
  • Leticia Montes
    • 5
  • Victor Hugo Melo
    • 6
  1. 1.Medical Science School of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  2. 2.Research Institute of OncologyFederal University of Triangulo MineiroUberabaBrazil
  3. 3.Gynecologist at Santa Casa Belo HorizonteBelo HorizonteBrazil
  4. 4.Cell Biology Laboratory of Research and Development Management of Ezequiel Dias FoundationBelo HorizonteBrazil
  5. 5.Biomedical of Research Institute of OncologyFederal University of Triangulo MineiroUberabaBrazil
  6. 6.School of MedicineFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil

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