Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 11–12, pp 1383–1401 | Cite as

Crosstalk between responsivities to various stimuli in multiresponsive polymers: change in polymer chain and external environment polarity as the key factor

  • Martin HrubyEmail author
  • Petr Štěpánek
  • Jiří Pánek
  • Christine M. Papadakis
Invited Review


Multiresponsive polymers offer a wealth of possibilities to design switchable materials which respond to more than one stimulus. We describe first the response of polymers to a single external stimulus, namely to temperature, light, pH value, redox changes, and low molecular weight species, and discuss the influence of these stimuli on the polymer chain polarity. Then, we review multiresponsive homopolymers and statistical and block co-polymers. Finally, we discuss the similarity of multiresponsive synthetic polymers to biopolymers. As a conclusion, multiresponsiveness opens up a broad area for combining different properties in one system, enabling numerous possible applications.


Polymer Stimulus-responsive polymers Solution behavior Thermoresponsiveness pH responsiveness Self-association 


Funding information

M.H. and P.S. received support from the Czech Science Foundation (grant nos. 19-01602S and 18-07983S, respectively). C.M.P. received support from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (grant nos. Pa 771/14-1 and Pa 771/19-1).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Macromolecular ChemistryAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.Soft Matter Physics Group, Department of PhysicsTechnical University of MunichGarchingGermany

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