Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 11–12, pp 1437–1443 | Cite as

Designing the poly[1,5-bis(N-pyrrolyl)pentane as a new horizon of polypyrrole paradigm with its structural and optical highlights

  • Zahoor AhmadEmail author
  • Saadia Bibi
  • Sanum Mushtaq
  • Clare Hoskins
  • Muhammad Arshad
  • Tashfeen Akhtar
Original Contribution


Poly[1,5-bis(N-pyrrolyl)pentane] (PBNPP) has been designed as a new addition to the modified polypyrrole family. This study entails the introduction of a pentane spacer between two pyrrole moieties and subsequently their oxidative polymerization under ambient conditions. The newly designed monomer and its polymer were fully characterized by FT-IR. The structural and optical behaviors were comparatively explored with reference to polypyrrole (Ppy), which was again prepared under same conditions. SEM was employed to visualize the morphology of PBNPP and Ppy comparatively. The data demonstrated the morphology of the PBNPP as spherical beads with a greater extent of surface porosity compared to Ppy, which possesses a compact granular form. The structural parameters were explored by XRD, where both possess crystallites of smaller size. Thermal behaviors were analyzed by TGA and DSC, where the newly designed polymer showed greater thermal stability and more plasticizing trend as compared to Ppy. Optical and HOMO-LUMO attributes have been characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer and diffused reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The PBNPP demonstrated greater molar absorption and lesser HOMO-LUMO gap as compared to Ppy. The PBNPP was proposed as a suitable candidate for photoconductivity compared with the Ppy. Thus, the polymer produced from the modified pyrrole is thermally more stable, has high plasticizing character, reflects greater optically sensitivity, and possesses ease of electronic transition compared to its counterpart.


Poly[1,5-bis(N-pyrrolyl)pentane Beads HOMO-LUMO gap Chain separation Thermal resistance 



The higher education commission of Pakistan is thanked for providing resources for polymer modification project, and ORIC Mirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST) is gratefully acknowledged for channelizing the resources to develop new materials.

Funding information

We have not received any formal funding for this project. It was completed mainly using the Departmental Resources.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryMirpur University of Science and Technology (MUST)MirpurPakistan
  2. 2.School of PharmacyKeele UniversityKeeleUK
  3. 3.Departement of Nanoscience and Technology, National Center for PhysicsQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan

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