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Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 5, pp 741–748 | Cite as

Improving the conductivity and permselectivity of ion-exchange membranes by introduction of inorganic oxide nanoparticles: impact of acid–base properties

  • D. V. Golubenko
  • R. R. Shaydullin
  • A. B. YaroslavtsevEmail author
Original Contribution
  • 33 Downloads

Abstract

In the present paper, the influence of acid–base properties of inorganic particles in ion-exchange membrane-based nanocomposites on their physicochemical and transport properties was investigated. For this purpose, particles of Zr, Ti, and Si oxides have been synthesized in situ in the system of pores and channels of the membranes. Depending on the acid–base properties of oxides, introduction of nanoparticles can increase or decrease the water uptake, conductivity, and selectivity. A new approach to cross-linking of ion-exchange membranes by incorporating ZrO2 particles into their matrix is proposed. Such cross-linking provides an improvement of swelling, conductivity, and salt permselectivity of the membrane in Na+-form. These parameters are important for successful application of such materials in direct and reverse electrodialysis, electrodeionization, and diffusion dialysis. For example, incorporation of 10 wt% of zirconia leads to a “cross-linking” of the membrane, i.e., binding of 45–50% of sulfonic groups, accompanied by a decrease of the water uptake by more than twofold and an increase of apparent transport numbers.

Keywords

Charge transport Composites Graft-copolymers Membranes Nanoparticles Cross-linking 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was carried using the equipment of the JRC PMR IGIC RAS, functioning within the State Assignment on Fundamental Research to the Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry.

Funding information

This study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (project no. 17-79-30054).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. V. Golubenko
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. R. Shaydullin
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. B. Yaroslavtsev
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.N.S. Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  2. 2.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  3. 3.Institute of Problems of Chemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation
  4. 4.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussian Federation

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