Redox-responsive comparison of diselenide micelles with disulfide micelles
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Redox-responsive block copolymer micelles have been studied extensively as drug carriers. In this study, tri-block copolymers, methoxyl poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone)-SeSe-b-poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-methoxyl-poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG-PCL-SeSe-PCL-mPEG) and methoxyl poly(ethyleneglyco)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone)-SS-b- poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-methoxyl-poly(ethylene glycol) (mPEG-PCL-SS-PCL-mPEG), were synthesized to investigate the redox sensitivity differences between diselenide and disulfide micelles. The changes of micelles in size and structure were investigated under conditions with glutathione (GSH) or H2O2. The results showed that the size and PDI of (mPEG-PCL-Se)2 micelles presented more significant variations under redox condition in comparison with (mPEG-PCL-S)2 micelles. The DOX released faster and more from diselenide micelles than disulfide micelles. The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of (mPEG-PCL-Se)2/DOX micelles was lower than that of (mPEG-PCL-S)2/DOX micelles against 4T1 and Hela cells. The amount of intracellular drug release from diselenide micelles was higher than from disulfide micelles in Hela cells with GSH 4.6 mM. Therefore, the (mPEG-PCL-Se)2 micelles similar to (mPEG-PCL-S)2 micelles are stimuli-responsive and may be more sensitive drug carriers.
KeywordsRedox-responsive polymer micelles Glutathione concentration in cancer cells Diselenide Disulfide Redox sensitivity
The authors acknowledge the testing services supplied by Analytical and Testing Center of Sichuan University and the help of laboratory members.
This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51673129, No. 51473099, and No. 51273125)
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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