Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 297, Issue 2, pp 239–247 | Cite as

In situ hyper-cross-linking of glycidyl methacrylate–based polyHIPEs through the amine-enriched high internal phase emulsions

  • Janja MajerEmail author
  • Ema Žagar
  • Peter Krajnc
  • Sebastijan KovačičEmail author
Original Contribution


The synthesis of glycidyl methacrylate–based polyHIPEs by free-radical polymerization in the presence of 1,8-diaminoctane or tris(2-aminoethyl)amine-enriched high internal phase emulsions is presented. This innovative “one-pot” synthetic route was developed to produce the so-called in situ hyper-cross-linked polyHIPEs without the use of any additional catalyst, cross-linker, or solvent. In situ hyper-cross-linking was performed through the amine-epoxy reaction before the gel point had been reached, resulting in the formation of the β-amino alcohol derivatives that represent cross-linking knots between the neighboring epoxy repeating units within the poly (glycidyl methacrylate) backbone. In this way, the volume of the mesopores smaller than 3 nm significantly increased. Thus, by changing the amounts of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and amines in the HIPE templates, the porous structure and the pore volume of the hyper-cross-linked polyHIPEs were systematically altered in order to amplify the polyHIPE’s specific surface area.


High internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) Hyper-cross-linking Glycidyl methacrylate β-Amino alcohols 


Funding information

This study received financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology of the Republic of Slovenia, and the Slovenian Research Agency (Program No. P2-0145 and Program No. P2-0006).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

396_2018_4455_MOESM1_ESM.doc (1.1 mb)
ESM 1 (DOC 1082 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Natural Sciences and MathematicsUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia
  2. 2.Department of Polymer Chemistry and TechnologyNational Institute of ChemistryLjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, PolyOrgLabUniversity of MariborMariborSlovenia

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