Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 296, Issue 11, pp 1879–1889 | Cite as

Surfactant-polymer interaction: effect of hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose on the surface and solution properties of gemini surfactants

  • Prashant Bhardwaj
  • Mohammad KamilEmail author
  • Manorama Panda
Original Contribution


Interaction of a nonionic polymer hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) with the cationic gemini surfactants, ethane-1,2-diyl bis (N,N-dimethyl-N-hexadecylammoniumacetoxy) dichloride (16-E2-16), pentanediyl-1,5-bis (dimethylcetylammonium bromide) (16-5-16), hexanediyl-1,6-bis(dimethylcetylammonium bromide) (16-6-16), and the conventional surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, CTAB) has been investigated by surface tension and rheology measurements. Stronger interaction of HPMC with the geminis as compared to the conventional surfactant is indicated by the values of physicochemical parameters which include the critical aggregation concentration (cac), critical micelle concentration (cmc), ΔG \( {}_m^o \) (standard Gibbs free energy of micellization), Γmax (maximum surface excess concentration at the air/solution interface), Amin (minimum area per surfactant molecule), and η (viscosity). Interaction between the surfactant and polymer in the mixed systems results in the formation of polymer-surfactant micelles; strength of the interaction is found to be dependent upon the nature of surfactant. On increasing the polymer concentrations, cac as well as cmc of the surfactant increases.

Graphical abstract

Effect of [16-E2-16] on the viscosity of polymer solutions at different temperatures and concentrations of HPMC: a 0%, b 0.1%, c 0.5%, and d 1% (w/v)


Gemini surfactant Nonionic polymer Surface tension Rheology Critical aggregation concentration Critical micelle concentration 


Funding information

Financial assistance (Award number PDFWM-2012-13-GE-UTT-17492) by the University Grants Commission, Government of India, is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

396_2018_4409_MOESM1_ESM.doc (538 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 538 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prashant Bhardwaj
    • 1
  • Mohammad Kamil
    • 1
    Email author
  • Manorama Panda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Petroleum StudiesAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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