Colloid and Polymer Science

, Volume 296, Issue 9, pp 1515–1522 | Cite as

Time-dependent behavior in analyte-, temperature-, and shear-sensitive Pluronic PE9400/water systems

  • N. Calero
  • J. Santos
  • C. Echevarría
  • J. Muñoz
  • M. T. CidadeEmail author
Original Contribution


Pluronic PE9400/water binary systems at different concentrations were characterized by means of rheological and microstructural techniques. Temperature ramps revealed a structural transition defined by three zones, which determine time-dependent behaviors. Thus, non-time-dependent, antithixotropic, and thixotropic behaviors were observed depending on Pluronic’s concentration and temperature. These phenomena were analyzed resorting to rheological tools, namely hysteresis loops and transient tests, and supported by Cryo-SEM. The results obtained demonstrated the shear-sensitive character of these systems. All properties presented by these systems make them adequate and interesting for many applications such as injectable systems for tissue repair.

Graphical abstract

Influence of temperature on viscoelastic functions and microstructure for 25 wt% Pluronic PE9400/water system


Pluronic PE9400 Stimuli-sensitive hydrogels Temperature ramp Start-up at inception shear tests Time-dependent behavior Shear-induced structures 



M.T. Cidade acknowledges EURAMET (Project EURAMET/JRP/ENG59) for supporting her stay in Seville University.

Funding information

The financial support was received (Project CTQ2015-70700-P) from the Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad, as well as the support from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology through the strategic project UID/CTM/50025/2013 (Cenimat/I3N) and the European Commission (FEDER Programme).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reología Aplicada, Tecnología de Coloides, Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Facultad de QuímicaUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciência dos Materiais and CENIMAT/I3N, Faculdade de Ciências e TecnologiaUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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