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Tuscany Sangiovese grape juice imparts cardioprotection by regulating gene expression of cardioprotective C-type natriuretic peptide

  • B. Svezia
  • M. Cabiati
  • M. Matteucci
  • C. Passino
  • M. E. Pè
  • V. Lionetti
  • S. Del RyEmail author
Original Contribution
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

A regular intake of red grape juice has cardioprotective properties, but its role on the modulation of natriuretic peptides (NPs), in particular of C-type NP (CNP), has not yet been proven. The aims were to evaluate: (1) in vivo the effects of long-term intake of Tuscany Sangiovese grape juice (SGJ) on the NPs system in a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI); (2) in vitro the response to SGJ small RNAs of murine MCEC-1 under physiological and ischemic condition; (3) the activation of CNP/NPR-B/NPR-C in healthy human subjects after 7 days’ SGJ regular intake.

Methods

(1) C57BL/6J male and female mice (n = 33) were randomly subdivided into: SHAM (n = 7), MI (n = 15) and MI fed for 4 weeks with a normal chow supplemented with Tuscany SGJ (25% vol/vol, 200 µl/per day) (MI + SGJ, n = 11). Echocardiography and histological analyses were performed. Myocardial NPs transcriptional profile was investigated by Real-Time PCR. (2) MCEC-1 were treated for 24 h with a pool of SGJ small RNAs and cell viability under 24 h exposure to H2O2 was evaluated by MTT assay. (3) Human blood samples were collected from seven subjects before and after the 7 days’ intake of Tuscany SGJ. NPs and miRNA transcriptional profile were investigated by Real-Time PCR in MCEC-1 and human blood.

Results

Our experimental data, obtained in a multimodal pipeline, suggest that the long-term intake of SGJ promotes an adaptive response of the myocardium to the ischemic microenvironment through the modulation of the cardiac CNP/NPR-B/NPR-C system.

Conclusions

Our results open new avenue in the development of functional foods aimed at enhancing cardioprotection of infarcted hearts through action on the myocardial epigenome.

Keywords

Sangiovese grape juice Functional food Natriuretic peptide system C-type natriuretic peptide Plant miRNAs Myocardial infarction 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was conducted within the context of the project entitled Cardio.MIR.San.To (Bando Nutraceutica DD 650/2014), supported by the Regione Toscana (Tuscany Region). We are grateful to Fattoria Viticcio (Greve in Chianti, Italy) for technical support.

Author contribution

SDR, VL, BS, MEP: designed research; BS, MC, MM, CP: conducted research; SDR, VL, BS: analyzed and interpreted data and wrote the manuscript. SDR, VL, MEP had primary responsibility for the final content. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Life Science, Scuola Superiore Sant’AnnaPisaItaly
  2. 2.Institute of Clinical Physiology of CNRPisaItaly
  3. 3.Fondazione Toscana “G. Monasterio”PisaItaly

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