A challenging case of severe pulmonary bleeding in a patient with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) and Eisenmenger syndrome: extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support and weaning strategies

  • Josefina UdiEmail author
  • Thomas Christian Köhler
  • Jochen Grohmann
  • Marina Bäuml
  • Sebastian Grundmann
  • Christoph Bode
  • Paul Biever
  • Daniel Duerschmied
Letter to the Editors

Graphical abstract



The authors thank Dr. Patrick von Samson-Himmelstjerna (Department of thoracic surgery), Dr. Thilo Fleck (Department of pediatric cardiology) and Dr. Alexander Hoetzel (Department of Anesthesiology) for helpful interdisciplinary discussions.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

392_2019_1544_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (48 kb)
Supplementary file1 (PDF 47 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiology and Angiology I, Heart CenterUniversity of Freiburg, Faculty of MedicineFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine III, Medical Intensive Care, Medical CenterUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Department of Pneumology, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  4. 4.Department of Congenital Heart Defects and Pediatric Cardiology, Heart CenterUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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