Clinical Research in Cardiology

, Volume 108, Issue 2, pp 218–220 | Cite as

Cardiology and cardiovascular research in Germany: 5 years of gender demographics

  • Carolin LerchenmüllerEmail author
  • Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner
Letter to the Editors


In Germany, as in many other parts of the world, actions are underway to increase gender equity in medicine as well as in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) more broadly. Programs to support scholars in reaching a post-graduate degree that proves research and teaching proficiency (‘Habilitationsprogramme’) were born with the goal of retaining women in academic medicine and increasing the number of females in higher academic ranks. Established and prestigious young investigator programs, like the Emmy-Noether program of the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG), for example, updated their program to better accommodate researchers who have child rearing or other family responsibilities. They also particularly encourage women to apply.

Research has shown, however, that despite these efforts and the fact that women are relatively more likely to appear as first authors on published articles, underlining their early-career...



We want to thank Andrea Wieland and the Team for Scientific Program Coordination of the German Cardiac Society (DGK, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kardiologie—Herz- und Kreislaufforschung e.V.) for supporting data analyses.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Cardiology, Angiology and PulmonologyHeidelberg University HospitalHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Massachusetts General Hospital, Cardiology Division and Corrigan Minehan Heart CenterBostonUSA
  3. 3.Molecular Cardiology, Department of Cardiology and AngiologyHannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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