Secondary Budd–Chiari syndrome complicating calcified right atrial thrombosis related to ventriculoatrial shunt
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A 33-year-old female patient underwent diagnostic gynecologic laparoscopy for assessment of a cystic ovarian mass and moderate amounts of ascites. Operative exploration, unexpectedly, uncovered a coarsely multinodular liver surface suspicious of cirrhosis, and surgery was terminated by resection of the left adnexa. Histopathology of the surgical specimen and ascitic fluid analysis yielded no indication of underlying malignancy, and the patient was referred for hepatology work-up. Liver function tests were unremarkable; however, ultrasound revealed an inhomogeneous, nodular liver parenchyma with portal vein dilation and reduced portal venous flow suggestive of portal hypertension. Furthermore, the hepatic veins appeared compressed and duplex sonography failed to trace an unequivocal hepatic venous Doppler flow signal. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy identified small esophageal varices. Comprehensive serological work-up was negative with respect to viral, metabolic, hereditary, or...
KeywordsInferior Vena Cava Hepatic Vein Esophageal Varix Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Right Atrial
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