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Sarcopenia defined by muscle quality rather than quantity predicts complications following laparoscopic right hemicolectomy

  • James TankelEmail author
  • Shlomo Yellinek
  • Elena Vainberg
  • Yotam David
  • Dmitry Greenman
  • James Kinross
  • Petachia Reissman
Original Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

While sarcopenia has prognostic value in elective colorectal surgery for predicting peri-operative morbidity and mortality, its role in elective laparoscopic surgery is poorly defined.

Methods

A retrospective single-center analysis of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for adenocarcinoma between January 2010 and December 2016. Univariate analysis compared the robustness of total psoas index (TPI) with Hounsfield unit average calculation (HUAC) calculated from pre-operative CT imaging in predicting post-operative complications. Multivariate analysis compared these measures with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade and Charlson scores in predicting post-operative complications.

Results

Of the 580 patients identified, 185 met the inclusion criteria (91 males and 94 females, with a median age of 68). Using TPI and HUAC, 46 and 44 patients respectively were identified as sarcopenic, including 18 patients that were identified by both measures. HUAC-defined sarcopenia was significantly associated with pre-operative comorbidities, peri-operative mortality, and a greater incidence of respiratory, cardiac, and serious post-operative complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ 3). Those with HUAC-defined sarcopenia aged > 75 were at particular risk of morbidity (OR 5.52, p = 0.002). No such relationships were found with TPI-defined sarcopenia. Only HUAC remained predictive of post-operative complications on multivariate analysis.

Conclusion

Sarcopenia is a novel methodology for stratifying surgical risk in elective colorectal cancer surgery. HUAC has a high prognostic accuracy for the prediction of complications following laparoscopic colorectal surgery compared with TPI, ASA grade, and Charlson score.

Keywords

Laparoscopic Sarcopenia Colorectal cancer Complications 

Notes

Author contribution

All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection, and analysis were performed by JT, SY, EV, YD, and DG. The first draft of the manuscript was written by JT, SY, and JK, and all authors commented on the previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of our institutional research committee (0105-17-SZMC) and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Tankel
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shlomo Yellinek
    • 1
  • Elena Vainberg
    • 3
  • Yotam David
    • 1
  • Dmitry Greenman
    • 1
    • 4
  • James Kinross
    • 2
  • Petachia Reissman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General Surgery, Shaare Zedek Medical CenterThe Hebrew University School of MedicineJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College Healthcare TrustSt Mary’s HospitalLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Shaare Zedek Medical CenterThe Hebrew University School of MedicineJerusalemIsrael
  4. 4.Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and Pain Treatment, Shaare Zedek Medical CenterThe Hebrew Univeristy School of MedicineJerusalemIsrael

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