Intussusception caused by typhlitis: a rare complication in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia after chemotherapy

  • Ren-Hao ChanEmail author
  • Ya-Ping Chen
Case Report



Intussusception, which is common in pediatric patients but rare in adults with leukemia, usually presents with an intralumenal lesion as a lead point in adults.

Case report

We herein report the case of a 38-year-old female who developed right lower quadrant abdominal pain and fever on day 16 of chemotherapy. Abdominal computed tomography showed ileocecal intussusception. The patient underwent surgery, and the definitive pathological diagnosis was typhlitis leading to intussusception. Albeit very rare in adults, typhlitis-induced intussusception should be suspected in those with leukemia presenting with abdominal pain.


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia Intussusception Typhlitis 


Authors’ contributions

RH Chan and YP Chen contributed equally to the study design, collection of data, and the writing of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical approval

Ethical approval was obtained and available upon request.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Colorectal Surgery, Department of Surgery, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of MedicineNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of MedicineNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanTaiwan

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