Indistinguishable T2/T3-N0 rectal cancer on rectal magnetic resonance imaging: comparison of surgery-first and neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy-first strategies
We compared the treatment outcome between surgery-first and neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT)-first strategies in patients with indistinguishable T2/T3-N0 rectal cancer on rectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Our institutional review board approved this retrospective study, and informed consent was waived. Among 1910 patients who underwent rectal MRI between 2008 and 2012, 79 patients (mean age, 59.4 years, 49 men and 30 women) who had indistinguishable T2/T3-N0 rectal cancer on rectal MRI were included. Local recurrence-free survival (LRFS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and disease-specific survival (DSS) were compared between the two groups. Treatment-related complications were evaluated.
Among 79 patients, 51 were treated by surgery first and 28 were treated by nCRT first. In comparison of survival of the surgery- and nCRT-first groups at 5 years, the LRFS rate was 95.6 and 96.3%, RFS rate was 91.0 and 92.4%, OS rate was 93.7 and 92.6%, and DSS rate was 98.0 and 92.6%, respectively. LRFS, RFS, OS, and DSS showed no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.862, 0.677, 0.953, and 0.479). The complication rate was not significantly different between the groups (20.0% for surgery-first group vs. 10.7% for nCRT-first group, p = 0.357).
Treatment outcomes were not significantly different between surgery-first and nCRT-first strategies for indistinguishable T2/T3-N0 rectal cancer on rectal MRI.
KeywordsRectal cancer Indistinguishable T2/T3 Magnetic resonance imaging Surgery Neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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