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International Journal of Colorectal Disease

, Volume 33, Issue 9, pp 1299–1302 | Cite as

The role of body composition in diverticular disease

  • Julia Freckelton
  • Darcy Holt
  • Adina Borsaru
  • StellaMay Gwini
  • Daniel Croagh
  • Gregory Moore
Short Communication
  • 56 Downloads

Abstract

Background

Diverticular disease is a common, chronic inflammatory disease of the bowel. This study investigates the differences in body composition between patients with diverticular disease and those without.

Methods

Appropriate patients were identified using a search of the radiology database. Demographic and disease information was gathered using scanned medical records. Body composition analysis was performed at level L3 using single-slice computed tomography techniques.

Results

Two hundred seventy-one patients were included in this study: 83 controls, 93 with diverticulosis and 95 with diverticulitis. Diverticulitis and diverticulosis were associated with a significantly higher visceral fat area (VFA), than the control group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001). Diverticulitis and diverticulosis were associated with a significantly higher visceral fat area to subcutaneous fat area ratio (VFA:SCFA), than the control group (p = 0.005, p = 0.019). Only diverticulosis was associated with increased levels of extramyocellular fat, when compared to the control group (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

Diverticular disease is associated with a higher amount and a higher proportion of visceral fat than seen in controls without diverticular disease.

Keywords

Diverticulosis Diverticulum Extramyocellular fat Visceral fat Body composition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge with gratitude the valuable advice from A/Prof Frances Milat (Monash Health, Monash University, Hudson Institute) and A/Prof Amanda Vincent (Monash Health, Monash University) regarding body composition alterations in disease.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Clinical SciencesMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  2. 2.Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism UnitMonash HealthClaytonAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Epidemiology and Preventive MedicineMonash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryMonash HealthClaytonAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Gastroenterology and HepatologyMonash HealthClaytonAustralia

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