Publishing trends in Journal of Paediatric Surgery, Pediatric Surgery International and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery over the past three decades

  • Susan Jehangir
  • Elizabeth H. Barnes
  • Dermot McDowell
  • Andrew J. A. HollandEmail author
Review Article


The aim of this study was an analysis of the changing publication trends over the last three decades in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery (JPS), Pediatric Surgery International (PSI) and European Journal of Pediatric Surgery (EJPS) by studying the bibliometric variables, authorship, collaboration, and citation trends. A previously applied methodology using intermittent years was applied to review the archives of JPS, PSI and EJPS over the last 30 years. Citation data were collected from the Web of Science database. Statistical analysis was performed using SAS 9.4 software. A total of 1917 articles originating from 63 countries met the inclusion criteria. The number of articles published every year increased significantly in the last three decades from 336 in 1987 to 626 in 2017 (P < 0.0001). Multinational papers made up 5% of the total, of which 58% involved more than one continent. A majority of papers (75%) were single institution papers, there was strong evidence of an increase in multi-institution publications over time. There was a statistically significant increase in the number of female first and corresponding author. The publishing landscape of paediatric surgery has evolved to be more inclusive with increased collaboration, female authors and mentors and more publications from developing nations.


Bibliometric Sex Authorship Region Paediatric surgery International collaboration 




Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Research involve humans or animals

This research does not involve humans or animals.

Ethical approval

Ethical approval was not necessary for this review.


  1. 1.
    Weeks WB, Wallace AE, Kimberly BCS (2004) Changes in authorship patterns in prestigious US medical journals. Soc Sci Med 59:1949–1954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holschneider AM (2004) The European Journal of Pediatric Surgery: 40 years of publication. Eur J Pediatr Surg 14:145–147CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lehman JD, Schairer WW, Gu A et al (2017) Authorship trends in 30 years of the Journal of Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 32:1684–1687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Riesenberg D, Lundberg GD (1990) The order of authorship: who’s on first? JAMA 264:1857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Jagsi R, Guancial EA, Worobey CC et al (2006) The “gender gap” in authorship of academic medical literature: a 35-year perspective. N Engl J Med 355:281–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mimouni M, Zayit-Soudry S, Segal O et al (2016) Trends in authorship of articles in major ophthalmology journals by gender, 2002–2014. Ophthalmology 123:1824–1828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Russell AF, Nguyen M, Bhuiya M et al (2018) Comparative analysis of bibliometric, authorship, and collaboration trends over the past 30-year publication history of the Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma and Injury. J Orthop Trauma 32:e327–e333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hu Y, Edwards BL, Brooks KD, Newhook TE, Slingluff CL Jr (2015) Recent trends in National Institutes of Health funding for surgery: 2003–2013. Am J Surg 209:1083–1089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Onwude JL, Staines A, Lilford RJ (1993) Multiple author trend worst in medicine. BMJ 15(306):1345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    King JT Jr (2000) How many neurosurgeons does it take to write a research article? Authorship proliferation in neurosurgical research. Neurosurgery 47:435–440CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Durani P, Rimouche S, Ross G (2007) ‘How many plastic surgeons does it take to write a research article?’—authorship proliferation in and internationalisation of the plastic surgery literature. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 60:956–957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Modi P, Hassan A, Teng CJ, Chitwood WR Jr (2008) ‘‘How many cardiac surgeons does it take to write a research article?’’: seventy years of authorship proliferation and internationalization in the cardiothoracic surgical literature. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 136:4–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fishman M, Williams WA 2nd, Goodman DM, Ross LF (2017) Gender differences in the authorship of original research in pediatric journals, 2001–2016. J Pediatr 191:244–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dingemann C (2017) The female pediatric surgeon. Eur J Pediatr Surg 27:228–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Level 3, Department of Paediatric SurgeryThe Children’s Hospital at WestmeadSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Paediatric SurgeryChristian Medical CollegeVelloreIndia
  3. 3.NHMRC Clinical Trials Centre, Faculty of Medicine and HealthUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  4. 4.University of Sydney School of MedicineSydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations