Sonic hedgehog signaling controls gut epithelium homeostasis following intestinal ischemia–reperfusion in a rat
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One of the major regulators of gastrointestinal tract development is the hedgehog signaling pathway. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of sonic hedgehog (SHh) signaling 24 and 48 h following intestinal ischemia–reperfusion (IR) in a rat.
Materials and methods
Male rats were divided into four experimental groups: (1) Sham-24 h rats underwent laparotomy and were sacrificed after 24 h, (2) Sham-48h rats underwent laparotomy and were sacrificed after 48 h, (3) IR-24h rats underwent occlusion of both superior mesenteric artery and portal vein for 20 min followed by 24 h of reperfusion, and (4) IR-48 h rats underwent ischemia for 20 min followed by 48 h of reperfusion. Intestinal structural changes, enterocyte proliferation and enterocyte apoptosis were determined by immunohistochemistry 24 and 48 h following IR. SHh-related genes and protein expression were determined using real-time PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemistry.
IR-24 rats demonstrated a significant decrease in Shh, Ihh, GIL and Ptch2 mRNA in jejunum and ileum compared to Sham-24 animals that was accompanied by a significant decrease in the number of SHH-positive cells (Immunohistochemistry) in jejunum (2.5-fold decrease) and ileum (37%). After 48 h, IR rats demonstrated a significant increase in Dhh, Ihh, Gil and PTCH2 mRNA in jejunum as well as in Dhh, Ihh, SMO, GIL, PTCH2 mRNA in ileum compared to IR-24 animals that was coincided with increased number of SHH-positive cells in jejunum (2.6-fold increase) and ileum (1.4-fold increase).
24 h following intestinal IR, inhibited cell turnover was associated with inhibited SHh signaling pathway. Signs of intestinal recovery appeared 48 h after IR and were correlated with increase in SHh signaling pathway activity.
KeywordsIschemia–reperfusion Intestine Sonic hedgehog Stem cells Apoptosis
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not- for-profit sectors.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The author(s) declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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