Single center protocol driven care in 150 patients with gastroschisis 1998–2017: collaboration improves results
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The treatment of gastroschisis (GS) using our collaborative clinical pathway, with immediate attempted abdominal closure and bowel irrigation with a mucolytic agent, was reviewed.
A retrospective review of the past 20 years of our clinical pathway was performed on neonates with GS repair at our institution. The clinical treatment includes attempted complete reduction of GS defect within 2 h of birth. In the operating room, the bowel is evaluated and irrigated with mucolytic agent to evacuate the meconium and decompress the bowel. No incision is made and a neo-umbilicus is created. Clinical outcomes following closure were assessed.
150 babies with gastroschisis were reviewed: 109 (77%) with a primary repair, 33 (23%) with a spring-loaded silo repair. 8 babies had a delayed closure and were not included in the statistical analysis. Successful primary repair and time to closure had a significant relationship with all outcome variables—time to extubation, days to initiate feeds, days to full feeds, and length of stay.
Early definitive closure of the abdominal defect with mucolytic bowel irrigation shortens time to first feeds, total TPN use, time to extubation, and length of stay.
KeywordsGastroschisis Primary closure Timing of delivery Mucolytic irrigation
We thank Jeremey S. McGarvey, statistician, OSF Healthcare Analytics, for assistance with analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors report no conflict of interests.
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