Is maintenance of the ileocecal valve important to the intestinal adaptation mechanisms in a weaning rat model of short bowel?
To evaluate the role of maintenance of the ileocecal valve (ICV) in intestinal adaptation mechanisms, in a weaning rat experimental model of short bowel.
Forty animals were operated on to produce short bowel syndrome. They were divided into five groups: maintenance (MV) or resection of ICV (RV), kill after 4 days (MV4 and RV4) or 21 days (MV21 and RV21), and a control group (21-day-old rats). Body weights, small bowel and colon lengths and diameters, villus heights, crypt depths, lamina propria and muscle layer thickness, as well as the apoptosis index of villi and crypts and expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes, were studied.
Preservation of the ICV promoted increased weight gain (p = 0.0001) and intestinal villus height after 21 days; crypt depth was higher in comparison to controls. It was verified a higher expression of Ki-67 in bowel villi and crypts (p = 0.018 and p = 0.015, respectively) in RV4 group and a higher expression in bowel villi of MV4 group animals (p = 0.03). The maintenance of ICV promoted late increased expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-XL in the colon (p = 0.043, p = 0.002, p = 0.01).
The maintenance of the ICV led to positive changes in this model.
KeywordsBowel resection Short bowel syndrome Intestine Newborn Parenteral and enteral nutrition Rat
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
Research involving human and/or animal participants
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.