Pediatric Surgery International

, Volume 34, Issue 11, pp 1215–1224 | Cite as

Is maintenance of the ileocecal valve important to the intestinal adaptation mechanisms in a weaning rat model of short bowel?

  • Guilherme Garcia Barros
  • Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri
  • Ítalo Gerardo Rotondo
  • Vitor Van Vaisberg
  • Leandro Silveira Sarmento
  • Cícero Mendes Neto
  • Suellen Serafini
  • Josiane de Oliveira Gonçalves
  • Maria Cecília Mendonça Coelho
  • Uenis TannuriEmail author
Original Article



To evaluate the role of maintenance of the ileocecal valve (ICV) in intestinal adaptation mechanisms, in a weaning rat experimental model of short bowel.


Forty animals were operated on to produce short bowel syndrome. They were divided into five groups: maintenance (MV) or resection of ICV (RV), kill after 4 days (MV4 and RV4) or 21 days (MV21 and RV21), and a control group (21-day-old rats). Body weights, small bowel and colon lengths and diameters, villus heights, crypt depths, lamina propria and muscle layer thickness, as well as the apoptosis index of villi and crypts and expression of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes, were studied.


Preservation of the ICV promoted increased weight gain (p = 0.0001) and intestinal villus height after 21 days; crypt depth was higher in comparison to controls. It was verified a higher expression of Ki-67 in bowel villi and crypts (p = 0.018 and p = 0.015, respectively) in RV4 group and a higher expression in bowel villi of MV4 group animals (p = 0.03). The maintenance of ICV promoted late increased expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-XL in the colon (p = 0.043, p = 0.002, p = 0.01).


The maintenance of the ICV led to positive changes in this model.


Bowel resection Short bowel syndrome Intestine Newborn Parenteral and enteral nutrition Rat 



No fundings.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Research involving human and/or animal participants

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guilherme Garcia Barros
    • 1
  • Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri
    • 1
  • Ítalo Gerardo Rotondo
    • 1
  • Vitor Van Vaisberg
    • 1
  • Leandro Silveira Sarmento
    • 1
  • Cícero Mendes Neto
    • 1
  • Suellen Serafini
    • 1
  • Josiane de Oliveira Gonçalves
    • 1
  • Maria Cecília Mendonça Coelho
    • 1
  • Uenis Tannuri
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Pediatric Surgery Division, Pediatric Liver Transplantation Unit and Laboratory of Research in Pediatric Surgery (LIM 30)University of Sao Paulo Medical SchoolSao PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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