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Impact of the quasi-biweekly oscillation on the super typhoon tracks in winter over the western North Pacific

  • Yanping Shi
  • Yan DuEmail author
  • Zesheng Chen
  • Chunzai Wang
Article

Abstract

This study investigates the tracks of category 4 and 5 typhoons (TYs) in the western North Pacific (WNP) in November–December during 1979–2016 and their relationships with the intraseasonal oscillation (ISO) including the 30–60-day and 12–25-day variations. It is shown that the impact of ISO on the TY tracks found in previous studies is mainly contributed by the quasi-biweekly oscillation (QBWO). The impact on the TY tracks is through influence on the steering flows over the WNP. Accordingly, TYs are separated into two types: moving westward (TYW) and northeastward (TYE). QBWO in the WNP is associated with an active convection originated from the equatorial WNP, which propagates northwestward and reaches the SCS and middle-high latitudes. TYW mostly occurs in the decline stage of the QBWO life cycle, while TYE appears in the mature stage of QBWO. For TYW, QBWO hardly changes the background large-scale circulation, which features an anticyclonic circulation covering the entire WNP and SCS, thus TYW moves westward. However, TYE appears in the mature phase of QBWO. The strong convection induces an intense cyclonic circulation in western part of the WNP, thus changes the steering flow. The steering flow features an anticyclonic circulation over the mid-eastern WNP, which is favorable for TYE to divert the direction and move northeastward.

Keywords

Intraseasonal oscillation Quasi-biweekly oscillation Super typhoon tracks Steering flow 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the useful comment and suggestion from Prof. Ruixin Huang and Dr. Lei Yang. We also thanks the anonymous reviewers for their constructive advice. This study is supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDA19060501, XDA13010404), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41525019, 41805057, 41506019, 41830538, 41731173 and 41521005), the State Oceanic Administration of China (GASI-IPOVAI-02, GASI-IPOVAI-04), the Leading Talents of Guangdong Province Program and the Pioneer Hundred Talents Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The best-track data used here are available from Joint Typhoon Warning Center at the website http://www.metoc.navy.mil/jtwc/. The daily outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) data are obtained from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.interp_OLR.html), and the horizontal wind data are provided by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction-National Center for Atmospheric Research (https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/data/gridded/data.ncep.reanalysis.pressure.html).

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Tropical OceanographySouth China Sea Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of SciencesGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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