Refractory epilepsy associated with ventriculoperitoneal shunt over-drainage: case report
Epilepsy and intracranial pressure (ICP) can be interrelated. While shunt malfunction is recognized as a cause of seizures, shunt over-drainage is seldom reported as such. We report a child who had undergone ventriculoperitoneal shunt insertion at the age of 6 months following an excision of a left ventricle choroid plexus papilloma, who developed refractory epilepsy since the age of 3 years. An MRI showed small ventricles. The child presented with acute hydrocephalus due to proximal shunt malfunction at the age of 11 years and was treated with an endoscopic third ventriculostomy. Following the procedure, the seizures abated. Our case suggests that intractable epilepsy may be related to intracranial hypotension. Potential treatments for shunt over-drainage may be indicated even in the absence of classic over-drainage symptoms, in the presence of refractory epilepsy.
KeywordsHydrocephalus Refractory epilepsy Ventriculoperitoneal shunt Over-drainage Endoscopic third ventriculostomy
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.
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