Child's Nervous System

, Volume 35, Issue 9, pp 1557–1560 | Cite as

The ventriculo-cholecystic shunt: does CSF volume matter?

  • Duncan HendersonEmail author
  • Alexandru Budu
  • Michelle Horridge
  • Anthony Jesurasa
  • Saurabh Sinha
  • Shungu Ushewokunze
  • Ross Fisher
Original Article



The management of hydrocephalus in paediatric patients where the peritoneum has failed can be challenging. One option is to perform a ventriculo-cholecystic shunt. However, little is known about the capacity of the gall bladder to accommodate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF).


A retrospective case series was performed to include all paediatric patients who received a ventriculo-cholecystic shunt at a single centre, Sheffield Children’s Hospital.


We identified three patients who had a ventriculo-cholecystic shunt inserted. The shunt survived past 1 year in two patients, who had pre-operative external ventricular drain (EVD) outputs of 8 and 10 ml/h respectively. One patient shunt failed at day four post-op due to distal dysfunction, his pre-operative EVD was over 30 ml/h.


When considering a patient for a ventriculo-cholecystic shunt, caution should be taken if a high CSF output is known, for example, as per an EVD measurement.


Hydrocephalus Shunt failure Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt Ventriculo-cholecystic shunt 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sheffield Children’s HospitalSheffieldUK

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