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Pediatric pituitary adenomas

  • Patrick C. WalzEmail author
  • Annie Drapeau
  • Ammar Shaikhouni
  • Jacob Eide
  • Alex J. Rugino
  • Ahmed Mohyeldin
  • Ricardo Carrau
  • Daniel Prevedello
Focus Session

Abstract

Background

Pediatric pituitary adenomas are a rare medical entity that makes up a small portion of intracranial tumors in children and adolescents. Although benign, the majority of these lesions are secreting functional tumors with the potential for physiological sequela that can profoundly affect a child’s development.

Focus of Review

In this review, we discuss the medical and surgical management of these tumors with a focus on clinical presentation, diagnostic identification, surgical approach, and associated adjuvant therapies. We will also discuss our current treatment paradigm using endoscopic, open, and combined approaches to treat these tumors.

Summary

The management of pituitary tumors requires a multidisciplinary team of surgeons, endocrinologists, and neuroanesthesiologists as well as neurocritical care specialists to deliver comprehensive care.

Keywords

Skull base Pediatric Endonasal Pituitary adenoma 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick C. Walz
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Annie Drapeau
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ammar Shaikhouni
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jacob Eide
    • 5
  • Alex J. Rugino
    • 6
  • Ahmed Mohyeldin
    • 3
  • Ricardo Carrau
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Daniel Prevedello
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pediatric OtolaryngologyNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryThe Ohio State University Wexner Medical CenterColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Department of Pediatric NeurosurgeryNationwide Children’s HospitalColumbusUSA
  5. 5.Department of OtolaryngologyNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  6. 6.OhioHealth NeurosurgeryColumbusUSA

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