French neurologists Charles Foix and Jean Alfred Émile Chavany and French pediatrician Julien Marie and the Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome
The eponym “Foix-Chavany-Marie syndrome” (FCMS), also called bilateral anterior opercular syndrome, identifies three physicians who contributed to defining it . In 1926, the syndrome was detailed by the French neurologists Charles Foix (1882–1927) and Jean Alfred Émile Chavany (1892–1959) together with French pediatrician Julien Marie (1899–1987), although it was first described by Magnus in 1837 [2, 3]. A developmental form of FCMS was described by Worster-Drought during the 1950s .
Charles Foix was born in Salies-de-Béarn in the Pyrenees-Atlantiques of France in 1882 . He received his medical education at the University of Paris and was a student of Pierre Marie (1853–1940) at the Hôpital de la Salpêtrière in Paris. He taught in the clinic of the famous French neurologist Georges Charles Guillain (1876–1961) at the Salpêtrière. His original study concerned arterial thrombosis, and he wrote a book on the anatomy of cerebrovascular structures based on his autopsy findings. He died on March 22, 1927 . Jean Alfred Émile Chavany was born in Condat, France, in 1892 and died 1959, while Julien Marie was born in France in 1899 and died in 1987 .
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