Child's Nervous System

, Volume 35, Issue 11, pp 2029–2031 | Cite as

Spontaneous rupture: a rare complication of neglected hydrocephalus

  • T. A. OyemoladeEmail author
  • J. A. Balogun
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor:

There has been improvement in the outcome of treatment of hydrocephalus. This however is not often the case, especially in the developing countries where paucity of skilled personnel, lack of fund, ignorance and religious and social beliefs often present a big obstacle to prompt treatment [5]. In these cases, progression of the condition often results in complications including delayed developmental milestones, cognitive impairment, visual loss, death and very rarely spontaneous rupture [1, 4, 5]. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of neglected hydrocephalus in a Nigerian infant and highlight the underlying socioeconomic factors contributing to this condition in a resource-challenged setting.

A 5-month-old male infant presented with progressive head enlargement since birth and copious leakage of CSF from the right occipital region a day before presentation. Prenatal diagnosis of hydrocephalus was made with transfontanelle ultrasound scan at gestational age of...


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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Federal Medical CenterOwoNigeria
  2. 2.Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan and Department of Neurological SurgeryUniversity College Hospital, UCHIbadanNigeria

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