Child's Nervous System

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 621–627 | Cite as

Developing a dynamic simulator for endoscopic intraventricular surgeries

  • Chandrashekhar Eknath DeopujariEmail author
  • Vikram Sudhir Karmarkar
  • Salman Tehran Shaikh
  • Ulhas Sadashiv Gadgil
Original Article



A novel dynamic simulator brain model with hydrocephalus has been developed for endoscopic intraventricular procedures. Detachable components allow enhancement of the walls of the ventricle by choroid plexus, ependymal veins and the membranous floor of the third ventricle which are derived from cadaveric lab animal tissues to give a lifelike appearance. These can be changed for every exercise. Ventricles are filled with injection of saline to give appropriate transparent medium and connected to a device transmitting pulsations creating conditions similar to live surgeries.

Material and methods

Thirty-five participants have used this model over the last 1 year and found it to be useful for conducting third ventriculostomy. Further development of the model for septostomy, aqueductoplasty and tumour biopsy has also been recently tested successfully by 12 participants.


It is hoped that this simulator model for intraventricular endoscopy is comprehensive as a learning tool in carrying out most of the the surgical procedures currently practised.


Brain simulation model Endoscopic third ventriculostomy Intraventricular tumors Septostomy Tumor biopsy 



We are thankful to Dr. Udwadia, Director of CEMAST for his constant encouragement, guidance and enthusiasm towards this project.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chandrashekhar Eknath Deopujari
    • 1
    Email author
  • Vikram Sudhir Karmarkar
    • 2
  • Salman Tehran Shaikh
    • 3
  • Ulhas Sadashiv Gadgil
    • 4
  1. 1.Director of Neurosurgery Training, Department Of Neurosurgery, Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical SciencesCentre of Excellence for Minimal Access Surgery (CEMAST)MumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of Neurosurgery Training, Department of Neurosurgery, Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical SciencesCentre of Excellence for Minimal Access Surgery (CEMAST)MumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of NeurosurgeryBombay Hospital Institute of Medical SciencesMumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Centre of Excellence for Minimal Access Surgery (CEMAST)MumbaiIndia

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