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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 73–81 | Cite as

Endoscopic transnasal resection of optic pathway pilocytic astrocytoma

  • Sarah Bin Abdulqader
  • Ziyad Al-Ajlan
  • Abdulrahman Albakr
  • Wisam Issawi
  • Mohammed Al-Bar
  • Pablo F. Recinos
  • Saad Alsaleh
  • Abdulrazag AjlanEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) are low-grade neoplasms that primarily affect children. The management of OPGs remains controversial. Reports on the use of the endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) in OPGs are extremely limited, and no such reports exist on its utility for pediatric OPGs. Here, we report our results and experience with OPGs treated with the EEA.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of OPG patients who were treated surgically via the EEA at our institutions from 2015 to 2017. Data on the demographics, clinical presentation, surgical complications, clinical outcomes, radiological imaging, and visual outcomes were recorded for each patient.

Results

Four cases were identified, with visual disturbances being the predominant complaint. The mean patient age was 15.5 years. Three cases showed normal preoperative hormonal profiles, but one patient had hypothyroidism. All tumors identified in this study were World Health Organization grade I pilocytic astrocytomas. Surgical complications included hypopituitarism in two patients, meningitis in two patients, cerebrospinal fluid leak in one patient, and transient diabetes insipidus in one patient. No patient experienced worsening neurological or visual symptoms postoperatively.

Conclusions

Although our data are preliminary, the EEA provides a direct corridor to OPG with acceptable results in terms of tumor resection and visual outcomes. Hypothalamic-pituitary axis dysfunction remains a limitation of any treatment modality for OPGs and should be considered whenever possible. Definitive conclusions are pending as the learning curve of this approach is steep. Further work is needed to understand patient selection for such an approach.

Keywords

Endoscopic transnasal surgery Endoscopic endonasal approach Hypothalamic glioma Optic pathway glioma 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the College of Medicine Research Center, Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for supporting this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Bin Abdulqader
    • 1
  • Ziyad Al-Ajlan
    • 1
  • Abdulrahman Albakr
    • 1
  • Wisam Issawi
    • 2
  • Mohammed Al-Bar
    • 2
  • Pablo F. Recinos
    • 3
    • 4
  • Saad Alsaleh
    • 5
  • Abdulrazag Ajlan
    • 1
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryImam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal UniversityDammamSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of Neurosurgery, Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA
  4. 4.Minimally Invasive Cranial Base and Pituitary Surgery Program, Rose Ella Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Cleveland Clinic FoundationClevelandUSA
  5. 5.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  6. 6.Department of NeurosurgeryStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA

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