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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 34, Issue 2, pp 359–362 | Cite as

Child dermoid cyst mimicking a craniopharyngioma: the benefit of MRI T2-weighted diffusion sequence

  • Aymeric AmelotEmail author
  • Alin Borha
  • Raphael Calmon
  • Patrick Barbet
  • Stephanie Puget
Case Report

Abstract

Background

Brain dermoid cysts are very rare lesions. Although benign, these cysts may be associated with devastating complications due to mass effect or meningitis. The discovery of completely asymptomatic dermoid cysts in the pediatric population is exceedingly rare. Despite the advances in imaging modalities, it sometimes remains difficult to exclude the differential diagnosis of craniopharyngioma.

Case report

We describe a 12-year-old boy addressed for suspicion of craniopharyngioma diagnosed by decreased visual acuity, bitemporal hemianopia and a CT scan showing a large hypodense suprasellar lesion with intralesional calcifications. Despite the unusual localization and size of this lesion, the absence of dermal sinus commonly found, and before visualizing a hyperintense mass on MRI-diffusion, the diagnosis of craniopharyngioma was ruled out in favor of a dermoid cyst. Radical excision was performed.

Conclusion

In the suprasellar area, craniopharyngioma and dermoid cyst may have very similar radiological aspects: low density masses on CT scan and a hyperintense signal on T1-weighted MRI sequences with a variable signal on T2-weighted sequences. Hitherto, only two cases in literature have described suprasellar dermoid cyst. Their initial diagnosis was facilitated by the presence of a dermal sinus.

Keywords

Dermoid cyst Suprasellar Craniopharyngioma MRI diagnosis 

Notes

Author contributions

A.A. and S.P. wrote the manuscript. A.B, R.C, and P.B collected the data and reviewed the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no personal conflicts of interest and no institutional financial interest in any drugs, materials, or devices described in this manuscript. The authors have no financial disclosures to report. In addition, patient gave informed consent for any medical and scientific investigations. This paper has not been published previously, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pediatric NeurosurgeryNecker Hospital, Université René Descartes, Paris Cité SorbonneParisFrance
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryCaen HospitalCaenFrance
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric NeuroradiologyNecker Hospital, Université René Descartes, Paris Cité SorbonneParisFrance
  4. 4.Department of PathologyNecker Hospital, Université René Descartes, Paris Cité SorbonneParisFrance

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