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Child's Nervous System

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 885–887 | Cite as

Holmes’ tremor secondary to a posterior third ventricular germinoma: a rare case report

  • Venkat Koyalmantham
  • Kanwaljeet GargEmail author
  • Hardik Sardana
  • Manmohan Singh
  • P. Sarat Chandra
Letter to the Editor

Dear Editor:

“Rubral tremor” was first described by Gordon Holmes in 1904 [1], when he observed a low frequency tremor of the fingers with rotation at the wrist and elbow in one of his patients. Since the patient had an organic lesion in the rubrospinal tract of the pons, it was postulated by him that these tracts are responsible for such tremors. Several animal-based studies have also linked the pathophysiology of these tremors to the red nucleus and the surrounding structures. However, red nucleus per se has not been shown to produce similar tremors; hence, the phrase rubral tremor has been replaced by “Holmes’ tremor” [5] or “midbrain tremor.” Apart from the red nucleus, concomitant damage to the surrounding tracts, including the nigrostriatal and cerebellothalamic tracts, may be a prerequisite [2, 3].

Holmes’ tremor is a low frequency (2 to 5 Hz) tremor that is accentuated by posture and movement and disappears during sleep [2, 5]. The amplitude, which may be small at rest, may...

Keywords

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy Cranial Nerve Palsy Germinoma Superior Cerebellar Peduncle Tetrabenazine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no personal financial or institutional interest in any of the drugs, materials, or devices described in this article. The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

Supplementary material

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References

  1. 1.
    Holmes G (1904) On certain tremors in organic cerebral lesions. Brain 27:327–375CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Pomeranz S, Shalit M, Sherman Y (1990) “Rubral” tremor following radiation of a pineal region vascular hamartoma. Acta Neurochir 103:79–81CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hopfensberger KJ, Busenbark K, Koller WC (2005) Midbrain tremor. In: Findley LJ, Koller WC (eds) Handbook of tremor disorders. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 445–459Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schreuder FH, Hamers RM, van Domburg PH (2010) Teaching NeuroImages:Holmes tremor after midbrain stroke. Neurology 75:e10CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Berkovic SF, Bladin PF (1984) Rubral tremor: clinical features and treatment of three cases. Clin Exp Neurol 119–28Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Venkat Koyalmantham
    • 1
  • Kanwaljeet Garg
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Hardik Sardana
    • 1
  • Manmohan Singh
    • 1
  • P. Sarat Chandra
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Cardio Neuro CenterAIIMSNew DelhiIndia

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