Circulatory dynamics changes are an additional predictor of successful pulmonary vein isolation during cryoballoon ablation
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The association between circulatory dynamics changes during cryoballoon applications and a successful pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is unknown. Seventy atrial fibrillation patients who underwent PVI with 28-mm second-generation cryoballoons and single 3-min freezes were included. Intra-procedural parameters including circulatory dynamics changes during cryoapplications, were compared between 113 successful applications (30 left superior PVs[LSPVs], 30 left inferior PVs[LIPVs], 25 right superior PVs[RSPVs], and 28 right inferior PVs[RIPVs]) and 47 failed applications (10 LSPVs, 9 LIPVs, 8 RSPVs, and 20 RIPVs). In all individual PVs, lower nadir balloon temperatures (MinTemps) and longer thawing times (ThawTimes) significantly predicted a successful PVI. In addition, greater systolic blood pressure drops following releasing the PV occlusion (SBP-drops) significantly predicted a successful right PV PVI, and longer elapse times during SBP-drops significantly predicted a successful RIPV PVI. Composite parameters incorporating MinTemps and ThawTimes, SBP-drops, and ThawTimes showed the highest area under the curve to predict a successful left PV (0.876 for LSPVs, 0.851 for LIPVs) and right PV (0.927 for RSPVs, 0.980 for RIPVs) PVI, respectively. If the ThawTime (≥ 30 s) and SBP-drop (≤ − 21 mmHg) cutoff values were achieved for the RIPVs, the positive predictive value was 100%. In contrast, if both criteria were not achieved for the RIPVs, the negative predictive value was 100%. In the second-generation cryoballoon PVI, the MinTemp and ThawTime were significantly associated with acute success for all four PVs. In addition, SBP-drops further improved the accuracy of predicting a successful right PV PVI, especially of the RIPV.
KeywordsCryoballoon Pulmonary vein isolation Atrial fibrillation Catheter ablation Physiology
We would like to thank Mr. John Martin for his help in the preparation of the manuscript.
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Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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