Advertisement

Changes in phosphorus pools in the detritusphere induced by removal of P or switch of residues with low and high C/P ratio

  • Kehinde O. Erinle
  • Ashlea Doolette
  • Petra MarschnerEmail author
Original Paper
  • 81 Downloads

Abstract

The effect of the addition of crop residues to soil has been extensively studied; however, little is known about their effect on P pools in the detritusphere and how these pools change if the residue is replaced by another residue with similar or different P concentration. An experiment was conducted to determine the influence of a change of residue types on P pools in the detritusphere. Detritusphere soil was generated by placing 20 g kg−1 of either mature barley straw (H; high C/P 255) or young faba bean residue (L; low C/P 38) between two fine nylon meshes which were then sandwiched between two PVC caps filled with loamy sand maintained at 50% water holding capacity throughout the experiment. Then, the open ends of the caps were pressed together and held in place with rubber bands. After 2 weeks of moist incubation, the residues were replaced with either a H or L, resulting in four residue treatments: high-high (HH), high-low (HL), low-low (LL), or low-high (LH) which were incubated another 14 days. A control without residues between the caps was unamended throughout. The following P pools were measured in soil at 0–1 mm from the surface 14 days after the first (day 14) and second (day 28) residue addition: readily available P (CaCl2 and anion exchange P); P bound to soil particles (citrate and HCl-P); and microbial biomass P (MBP). On day 14, P pools and available N were higher, but MBP and microbial biomass N (MBN) were lower in L than in H. On day 28, P pools and available N followed the order LL > HL > LH > HH, whereas MBN and MBP were highest in HL. In a second experiment, the effect of crop residue removal and replacement with anion exchange membrane (AEM) on P pools in the detritusphere was assessed. Detritusphere soil was generated using faba bean residue as described above. The control had no residues between the caps. After 2-week moist incubation, the residues and the meshes were removed and either replaced with three AEM strips (approximately 6 × 2 cm each) or left without AEM. The strips were replaced every 2 days for 2 weeks. P sorbed to the strips (AEM-P) was determined after removal. After 1 and 2 weeks, bioavailable P pools were measured. Removal of P by AEM decreased most P pools in faba bean detritusphere. This study showed that within 14 days, P pools in the detritusphere are influenced by P supply and P removal and that a change in the C/P ratio of added residue can either decrease or increase concentrations of various soil P pools.

Keywords

C/nutrient ratio Detritusphere Nutrient availability Residues 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Kehinde O. Erinle receives a postgraduate scholarship from the University of Adelaide.

References

  1. Alamgir M, Marschner P (2013a) Changes in phosphorus pools in three soils upon addition of legume residues differing in carbon/phosphorus ratio. Soil Res 51:484–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alamgir M, Marschner P (2013b) Short-term effects of application of different rates of inorganic P and residue P on soil P pools and wheat growth. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 176:696–702Google Scholar
  3. Alamgir M, McNeill A, Tang C, Marschner P (2012) Changes in soil P pools during legume residue decomposition. Soil Biol Biochem 49:70–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cherubin MR, Franco AL, Cerri CE, Karlen DL, Pavinato PS, Rodrigues M, Davies CA, Cerri CC (2016) Phosphorus pools responses to land-use change for sugarcane expansion in weathered Brazilian soils. Geoderma 265:27–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crews TE (1996) The supply of phosphorus from native, inorganic phosphorus pools in continuously cultivated Mexican agroecosystems. Agric Ecosyst Environ 57:197–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dalal R (1979) Mineralization of carbon and phosphorus from carbon-14 and phosphorus-32 labelled plant material added to soil. Soil Sci Soc Am J 43:913–916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Damon PM, Bowden B, Rose T, Rengel Z (2014) Crop residue contributions to phosphorus pools in agricultural soils: a review. Soil Biol Biochem 74:127–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. de Neergaard A, Magid J (2015) Detritusphere effects on P availability and C mineralization in soil. Eur J Soil Sci 66:155–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. DeLuca TH, Glanville HC, Harris M, Emmett BA, Pingree MR, de Sosa LL, Cerdá-Moreno C, Jones DL (2015) A novel biologically-based approach to evaluating soil phosphorus availability across complex landscapes. Soil Biol Biochem 88:110–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Erinle KO, Li J, Doolette A, Marschner P (2018) Soil phosphorus pools in the detritusphere of plant residues with different C/P ratio – influence of drying and rewetting. Biol Fertil Soils 54:841–852CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ge G, Or D (2002) Particle size analysis. In: Eds Dane J, Topp G, methods of soil analysis. Part 4. Physical methods. Soil science Society of America, Madison, pp 255-294Google Scholar
  12. Guo F, Yost RS (1998) Partitioning soil phosphorus into three discrete pools of differing availability. Soil Sci 163:822–833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Guo F, Yost RS, Hue NV, Evensen CI, Silva JA (2000) Changes in phosphorus fractions in soils under intensive plant growth. Soil Sci Soc Am J 64:1681–1689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ha K, Marschner P, Bünemann E, Smernik R (2007) Chemical changes and phosphorus release during decomposition of pea residues in soil. Soil Biol Biochem 39:2696–2699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hanson WC (1950) The photometric determination of phosphorus in fertilizers using the phosphovanado-molybdate complex. J Sci Food Agric 1:172–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hoang KKT, Marschner P (2017) Plant and microbial-induced changes in P pools in soil amended with straw and inorganic P. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 17:1088–1101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Iyamuremye F, Dick R, Baham J (1996) Organic amendments and phosphorus dynamics: I. phosphorus chemistry and sorption. Soil Sci 161:426–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kandeler E, Luxhøi J, Tscherko D, Magid J (1999) Xylanase, invertase and protease at the soil–litter interface of a loamy sand. Soil Biol Biochem 31:1171–1179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kouno K, Tuchiya Y, Ando T (1995) Measurement of soil microbial biomass phosphorus by an anion exchange membrane method. Soil Biol Biochem 27:1353–1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kruse J, Abraham M, Amelung W, Baum C, Bol R, Kühn O, Lewandowski H, Niederberger J, Oelmann Y, Rüger C, Santner J, Siebers M, Siebers N, Spohn M, Vestergren J, Vogts A, Leinweber P (2015) Innovative methods in soil phosphorus research: a review. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 178:43–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kuzyakov Y, Blagodatskaya E (2015) Microbial hotspots and hot moments in soil: concept & review. Soil Biol Biochem 83:184–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liu M, Chen X, Chen S, Li H, Hu F (2011) Resource, biological community and soil functional stability dynamics at the soil–litter interface. Acta Ecol Sin 31:347–352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Marschner P, Hatam Z, Cavagnaro T (2015) Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability after the second amendment are influenced by legacy effects of prior residue addition. Soil Biol Biochem 88:169–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McKenzie H, Wallace HS (1954) The Kjeldahl determination of nitrogen: a critical study of digestion conditions-temperature, catalyst, and oxidizing agent. Aust J Chem 7:55–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Miranda KM, Espey MG, Wink DA (2001) A rapid, simple spectrophotometric method for simultaneous detection of nitrate and nitrite. Nitric Oxide 5:62–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Moore JM, Klose S, Tabatabai MA (2000) Soil microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen as affected by cropping systems. Biol Fertil Soils 31:200–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Nziguheba G, Merckx R, Palm CA, Rao MR (2000) Organic residues affect phosphorus availability and maize yields in a nitisol of western Kenya. Biol Fertil Soils 32:328–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ohno T, Zibilske LM (1991) Determination of low concentrations of phosphorus in soil extracts using malachite green. Soil Sci Soc Am J 55:892–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rayment GE, Higginson FR (1992) Australian laboratory handbook of soil and water chemical methods. Inkata Press Pty Ltd, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  30. Schachtman DP, Reid RJ, Ayling SM (1998) Phosphorus uptake by plants: from soil to cell. Plant Physiol 116:447–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Walkley A, Black IA (1934) An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci 37:29–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wilke B-M (2005) Determination of chemical and physical soil properties. In: Margesin R (ed) Monitoring and Assessing Soil Bioremediation. Springer, Berlin, pp 47–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Willis RB, Montgomery ME, Allen PR (1996) Improved method for manual, colorimetric determination of total Kjeldahl nitrogen using salicylate. J Agric Food Chem 44:1804–1807CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agriculture, Food and WineThe University of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia

Personalised recommendations