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Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 59–75 | Cite as

Biogeochemical processes at the Krasniy Yar seepage area (Lake Baikal) and a comparison with oceanic seeps

  • Giovanni AloisiEmail author
  • Tatiana V. Pogodaeva
  • Jeffrey Poort
  • Andrey V. Khabuev
  • Andrey V. Kazakov
  • Grigorii G. Akhmanov
  • Oleg M. Khlystov
Original
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

The expulsion of sedimentary, methane-rich fluids to bottom waters is a widespread process in Lake Baikal (eastern Siberia), resulting in deep water cold seep systems comparable in size and frequency to those of oceanic, high-productivity continental margins. Little is known, however, about how biogeochemical processes in Baikal cold seeps compare with those of oceanic cold seeps. In this paper, we present new pore water chemistry data from the Krasniy Yar seepage area located on the slope near the Selenga river delta. We compare biogeochemical processes deduced from these pore water chemical profiles with processes prevalent at oceanic cold seeps of highly productive continental margins. This comparison allows to draw the following conclusions: (1) in sediments not affected by seepage the fresh water mass of Lake Baikal results in a very low relative importance of the nitrogenous and sulfidic geochemical zones compared to the ocean; (2) diagenetic processes involving silicate minerals are, however, similar in Lake Baikal and the ocean; (3) fluid advection rates in cold seep sediments are similar in Lake Baikal and ocean systems but (4) the deep methane flux of Baikal seeps is mitigated by reaction with O2, and possibly Mn(IV) and Fe(III) oxides, whereas in oceanic sediments the main methane-consuming process is the anaerobic oxidation of methane with sulfate. Lake Baikal cold seep sediments are therefore nearly devoid of authigenic carbonate minerals and have a reduced capacity to decrease the deep methane flux.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The cruise on R/V Vereschagin took place in the framework of the Class@Baikal TTR expeditions, and was organised by LIN SB RAS (AAAA-A16-116122110064-7) and MSU. We thank the captain and its crew for their professional assistance. This is IPGP contribution no. 4005.

Funding information

This work was supported by a bilateral French-Russian funding: the PRC-CNRS programme (Shy@Baikal, no. 1072) and the RFBR research project no. 16-55-150005.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Physique du Globe de ParisSorbonne Paris Cité, UMR 7154 CNRSParisFrance
  2. 2.Limnological InstituteSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of ScienceIrkutskRussia
  3. 3.CNRS, Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris, ISTePSorbonne UniversitéParisFrance
  4. 4.UNESCO-MSU Centre for Marine Geology and Geophysics, Faculty of GeologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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