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Geo-Marine Letters

, Volume 38, Issue 6, pp 527–540 | Cite as

Structural pattern recognition applied on bathymetric data from the Eratosthenes Seamount (Eastern Mediterranean, Levantine Basin)

  • Eleni Kokinou
  • C. Panagiotakis
Technical Paper
  • 104 Downloads

Abstract

The scope of the present work is to apply tested techniques of pattern recognition on bathymetric data from the Eratosthenes Seamount to (a) detect topographic highs and linear-curvilinear lineaments present on the seabed, (b) evaluate the morphostucture of the seamount and its relation with the degree of deformation the region has suffered, and (c) to check if shallow salt movements are associated with specific patterns on bathymetric data. Our scope is implemented by applying a two-step procedure on bathymetric data. Initially, the topographic highs in the study area are detected and their geomorphologic attributes (orientation, average slope, eccentricity, and shape complexity) associated with the degree of seabed deformation are computed. Then, quantitative attributes (slope, aspect, and their derivatives) are combined to automatically detect seabed morphologic structures (lineaments, highs, or depressions), which are potentially related to the presence of geological faults or triggered by other subsurface processes. Based on the analysis in this work, two major segments (the northern and the southern) are identified on the Eratosthenes Seamount and related to E–W trending oblique faults. These two segments are highly deformed according to the quantitative estimation of the geomorphologic attributes. Furthermore, ENE–WSW to NE–SW and WNW–ESE to NW–SE lineaments are identified and limit this prominent topographic high. Smaller topographic highs accompanied by topographic depressions, north and southwest of the Eratosthenes Seamount are also detected, showing medium to strong deformation and reflecting a similar geodynamic activity in this area. As a corollary, a comparison of the bathymetric patterns shows that the present seabed morphology north of the Eratosthenes Seamount relates to shallow salt movements, which create a chaotic pattern. This pattern is expressed by short and curved normal faults, shear zones, possible small-scale reverse faults, massive extrusion of salt bodies (possibly allochthonous), and Pliocene–Quaternary minibasins or peripheral sinks.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been initiated during the sabbatical of Dr. Kokinou Eleni in Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Dynamics of the Ocean Floor, GEOMAR, Germany and further completed through the National Participation 2014–2016, “Reward Participation in competitive EU Programmes”, project title “NEREIDs: Embracing Innovation for Preparedness in Civil Protection & Marine Pollution, EU Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection under Grant Agreement No. 638494/2012/ECHO/A5/SUB” and the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union (Contract Nr.: 2017-1-EL01-KA201-036241) – project “Enhancing critical thinking in schools for marine pollution using innovative ICT technologies (Sea4All)”. The authors are grateful to the editor and reviewers for their critical review and constructive comments.

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Geology and Hydrogeology, Department of Environmental & Natural Resources EngineeringTechnological Educational Institute of CreteChaniaGreece
  2. 2.Foundation for Research and Technology-HellasInstitute of Computer ScienceHeraklionGreece
  3. 3.Department of Business AdministrationTechnological Educational Institute CreteAgios NikolaosGreece

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