Advertisement

Experiments in Fluids

, 60:154 | Cite as

Spectral signal quality of fast pressure sensitive paint measurements in turbulent shock-wave/boundary layer interactions

  • Morgan L. FunderburkEmail author
  • Venkateswaran Narayanaswamy
Research Article

Abstract

This study presents a critical investigation of the signal quality obtained using candidate fast pressure sensitive paint measurements in realistic, spectrally complex flows. The evaluations focus on characterizing the importance of the paint layer frequency response in conjunction with the fundamental signal-to-noise ratio limitations of the imaging system. Fast fluoro-isopropyl-butyl polymer-based paint is used primarily because of an identified characteristic attenuation pattern. Complementary high-speed pressure sensitive paint and wall static pressure measurements are performed in a turbulent, separated, scooped compression ramp shock-wave/boundary layer interaction at Mach 2.5 using a sampling rate of 4 kHz. The results reveal a systematic underprediction of the RMS pressure due to the limited frequency response of the paint. A simple frequency domain correction methodology utilizing the experimental data and a diffusion-based model of the paint response are employed to compensate for these effects. A method for determining the spectral signal-to-noise ratio of the imaging system is then presented, which is found to impose a major constraint on the upper limit of the resolvable pressure frequency. The correction is observed to provide a significant improvement in the agreement between the pressure sensitive paint and transducers, but only below the noise-dominated cutoff frequency. The relative significance of these factors is then investigated for polymer–ceramic-based, 8 kHz measurements of a planar compression ramp shock-wave/boundary layer interaction in a rectangular channel.

Graphic abstract

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the U.S. Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Grant FA9550-16-1-0314 and the authors gratefully acknowledge this source of support.

References

  1. Babinsky H, Harvey J (2011) Shock wave-boundary layer interactions. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Babinksy H, Oorebeek J, Cottingham T (2013) Corner effects in reflecting oblique shock-wave/boundary layer interactions. In: 51st AIAA aerospace sciences conferenceGoogle Scholar
  3. Bendat J, Piersol A (1986) Random data, 2nd edn. Wiley, West SussexzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Bruce P, Burton D, Titchener N, Babinksy H (2011) Corner effect and separation in transonic channel flows. J Fluid Mech 679:247–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brusniak L, Dolling D (1994) Physics of unsteady blunt-fin-induced shock wave/turbulent boundary layer interactions. J Fluid Mech 273:375–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burton D, Babinsky H (2012) Corner separation effects for normal shock wave/turbulent boundary layer interactions in rectangular channels. J Fluid Mech 707:287–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burton D, Babinsky H, Bruce P (2010) Experimental investigation into parameters governing corner interactions for transonic shock wave/boundary layer interactions. In: AIAA paper 2010-871Google Scholar
  8. Carroll B, Winslow N, Setzer F (1997) Mass diffusivity of pressure sensitive paints via system identification. In: AIAA Paper 97-0771Google Scholar
  9. Clemens NT, Narayanaswamy V (2014) Low-frequency unsteadiness of shock wave/boundary layer interactions. Annu Rev Fluid Mech 46:469–492MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dolling D (1993) Fluctuating loads in shock wave/turbulent boundary layer interaction: tutorial and update. In: 31st aerospace sciences meetingGoogle Scholar
  11. Dolling D, Or C (1985) Unsteadiness of shock wave structure in attached and separated compression ramp flows. Exp Fluids 3:24–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Drouillard T, Linne M (2005) Luminescence lifetime response of pressure-sensitive paint to a pressure transient. AIAA J 43(5):1100–1108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dupont P, Haddad C, Ardissone J, Debieve J (2005) Space and time organisation of a shock wave/turbulent boundary layer interaction. Aerosp Sci Technol 9:561–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Egami Y, Sato Y, Konishi S (2019) Development of sprayable pressure-sensitive paint with a response time of less than 10 $\mu $s. AIAA J 57:2198–2203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fernholz H, Finley P (1977) A critical compilation of compressible turbulent boundary layer data. In: AGARD-AG-223Google Scholar
  16. Funderburk M, Narayanaswamy V (2016a) Experimental investigation of primary and corner shock boundary layer interactions at mild back pressure ratios. Phys Fluids 28:086102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Funderburk M, Narayanaswamy V (2016b) Experimental investigation of corner shock boundary layer interactions. In: 46th AIAA fluid dynamics conferenceGoogle Scholar
  18. Funderburk M, Narayanaswamy V (2017) Experimental investigation of shock boundary layer interactions in axisymmetric isolator geometries. In: 53rd AIAA joint propulsion conferenceGoogle Scholar
  19. Funderburk M, Narayanaswamy V (2018a) Investigation of negative surface curvature effects in an axisymmetric shock boundary layer interaction. AIAA J 57:1594–1607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Funderburk M, Narayanaswamy V (2018b) Experimental investigation of microramp vortex generator application upstream of an axisymmetric shock boundary layer interaction. In: 54th AIAA joint propulsion conferenceGoogle Scholar
  21. Gramann R, Dolling DS (1989) Dynamics of separation and reattachment in a mach 5 compression ramp-induced shock wave turbulent boundary layer interaction. In: ARO 23763.3-EG-FGoogle Scholar
  22. Gregory J, Sullivan J (2006) Effect of quenching kinetics on unsteady response of pressure-sensitive paint. AIAA J 44(3):634–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gregory J, Asai K, Kameda M, Liu T, Sullivan J (2008) A review of pressure-sensitive paint for high-speed and unsteady aerodynamics. Proc IMechE Rev 222:249–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gregory J, Sakaue H, Liu T, Sullivan J (2014) Fast pressure-sensitive paint for flow and acoustic diagnostics. Annu Rev Fluid Mech 46:303–330MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kameda M (2012) Effect of luminescence limetime on the frequency resonse of fast-response pressure sensitive paints. Trans Jpn Soc Mech Eng Ser B 78:1942–1950CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Korkegi R (1975) Comparison of shock induced two and three-dimensional incipient turbulent separation. AIAA J 13:534–535CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu T, Guille M, Sullivan J (2001) Accuracy of pressure-sensitive paint. AIAA J 39(1):103–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mears L, Arora N, Alvi F (2019) Flowfield response to controlled perturbations in swept shock/boundary-layer interaction using unsteady PSP. In: AIAA Scitech 2019 forumGoogle Scholar
  29. Mosharov V, Radchenko V, Fonov S (1997) Luminescent pressure sensors in aerodynamic experiment. Central Aerohydrodynamic Inst., CWA International CorpGoogle Scholar
  30. Pandey A, Gregory J (2016) Frequency-response characteristics of polymer/ceramic pressure-sensitive paint. AIAA J 54:174–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Priebe S, Martin M (2012) Low-frequency unsteadiness in shock wave-turbulent boundary layer interaction. J Fluid Mech 699:1–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sakaue H (1999a) Porous pressure sensitive paints for aerodynamic applications. MS Thesis, School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  33. Sakaue H (1999b) Anodized aluminum pressure sensitive paint for unsteady aerodynamic applications. PhD Dissertation, School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue UniversityGoogle Scholar
  34. Sakaue H, Sullivan J, Asai K, Iijima Y, Kunimasu T (1999) Anodized aluminum pressure sensitive paint in a cryogenic wind tunnel. In: Instrumentationin the aerospace industry, Proceedings of the 45th international instrumentation symposium. Instrument Society of America, pp 337–346Google Scholar
  35. Schairer E (2001) Optimum thickness of pressure-sensitive paint. AIAA J 40:11Google Scholar
  36. Sugimoto T, Sugioka Y, Numata D, Nagai H, Asai K (2017) Characterization of frequency response of pressure-sensitive paints. AIAA J 55:1460–1464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sun C, Childs M (1976) Wall-wake velocity profile for compressible nonadiabatic flows. AIAA J 14:820–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Winslow N, Carroll B, Setzer F (1996) Frequency response of pressure sensitive paints. In: AIAA Paper 96-1967Google Scholar
  39. Winslow N, Carroll B, Kurdila A (2001) Model development and analysis of the dynamics of pressure-sensitive paints. AIAA J 39(4):660–666CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations