Experiments in Fluids

, 59:129 | Cite as

Multiple control modes of nanosecond-pulse-driven plasma-actuator evaluated by forces, static pressure, and PIV measurements

  • Atsushi KomuroEmail author
  • Keisuke Takashima
  • Naoki Tanaka
  • Kaiki Konno
  • Taku Nonomura
  • Toshiro Kaneko
  • Akira Ando
  • Keisuke Asai
Research Article


The control authority of a nanosecond-pulse-driven dielectric-barrier discharge plasma actuator (ns-DBDPA) was evaluated via wind tunnel experiments with the simultaneous measurement of lift and drag forces, pressure on the airfoil surface, and particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements. In these experiments, a Reynolds number of Re = 2.6 × 105 was applied with a freestream velocity of 40 m/s under atmospheric pressure. The force measurements revealed multiple peaks of lift force recovery and drag force modulation depending on the angle of attack, α, and non-dimensional frequency, F+. At the positive post-stall α close to stall α of approximately 16°, F+ values around 2.0 were effective for lift recovery and drag reduction. When the deep-stall angle α is larger than 20° (either positive or negative), relatively low F+ values around 0.25 were effective for lift recovery. When actuating at a deep-stall angle corresponding to F+ = 0.25, the surface pressure measurements showed that a near flat pressure distribution is formed on the suction side, and the PIV measurement showed that this near flat distribution is caused by the increase in backflow velocity near the surface of the airfoil. This backflow enhancement near the suction side surface leads to the reduction in pressure in separated flow, resulting in significant increases in the lift and drag coefficients. Thus, this simultaneous measurement of force, pressure, and PIV is capable of evaluating the multiple control modes underlying lift and drag control by ns-DBDPA.

Graphical abstract



This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 26889004 and a research grant from the Murata Foundation.


  1. Abdollahzadeh M, Pascoa JC, Oliveira PJ (2014) Two-dimensional numerical modeling of interaction of micro-shock wave generated by nanosecond plasma actuators and transonic flow. J Comput Appl Math 270:401–416. MathSciNetCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. Aono H, Kawai S, Nonomura T, Sato M, Fujii K, Okada K (2017) Plasma-actuator burst-mode frequency effects on leading-edge flow-separation control at Reynolds number 2.6 × 105. AIAA J Google Scholar
  3. Asada K, Fujii K (2012) Burst frequency effect of DBD plasma actuator on the control of separated flow over an airfoil. AIAA Pap Google Scholar
  4. Bayoda KD, Benard N, Moreau E (2015) Nanosecond pulsed sliding dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuator for airflow control: Electrical, optical, and mechanical characteristics. J Appl Phys 118:063301. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Boeuf JP, Pitchford LC (2005) Electrohydrodynamic force and aerodynamic flow acceleration in surface. J Appl Phys 97:103307. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Boeuf JP, Lagmich Y, Unfer Th, Th C, Pitchford LC (2007) Electrohydrodynamic force in dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators. J Phys D Appl Phys 40:652–662. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boutilier M, Yarusevych S (2012) Effects of end plates and blockage on low-Reynolds-number flows over airfoils. AIAA J 50:1547–1559. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Correale G, Michelis T, Ragni D, Kotsonis M, Scarano F (2014) Nanosecond-pulsed plasma actuation in quiescent air and laminar boundary layer. J Phys D Appl Phys 47:105201. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dawson R, Little J (2013) Characterization of nanosecond pulse driven dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators for aerodynamic flow control. J Appl Phys 113:103302. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fujii K (2014) High-performance computing-based exploration of flow control with micro devices. Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci 372:20130326. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Greenblatt D, Schneider T, Schüle CY (2012) Mechanism of flow separation control using plasma actuation. Phys Fluids 24:077102. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Grekhov IV, Mesyats GA (2000) Physical basis for high-power semiconductor nanosecond opening switches. IEEE Trans Plasma Sci 28:1540. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. He C, Corke TC, Patel MP (2009) Plasma flaps and slats: an application of weakly ionized plasma actuators. J Aircraft 46:864–873. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kelley CL, Bowles PO, Cooney J, He C, Corke TC, Osborne BA, Silkey JS, Zehnle J (2014) Leading-edge separation control using alternating-current and nanosecond-pulse plasma actuators. AIAA J 52:1871. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Komuro A, Takashima K, Konno K, Tanaka N, Nonomura T, Kaneko T, Ando A, Asai A (2017) Schlieren visualization of flow-field modification over an airfoil by near-surface gas-density perturbations generated by a nanosecond-pulse-driven plasma actuator. J Phys D Appl Phys 50:215202. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lehmann R, Akins D, Little J (2016) Effects of nanosecond pulse driven plasma actuators on turbulent shear layers. AIAA J 54:637–651. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Little J, Nishihara M, Adamovich I, Samimy M (2009) High-lift airfoil trailing edge separation control using a single dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuator. Exp Fluids 48:521–537. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Little J, Takashima K, Nishihara M, Adamovich I, Samimy M (2012) Separation control with nanosecond-pulse-driven dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators. AIAA J 50:350–365. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moreau E (2007) Airflow control by non-thermal plasma actuators. J Phys D Appl Phys 40:605–636. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mueller TJ (1999) Aerodynamic measurements as low reynolds numbers for fixed wing micro-air vehicles, development and operation of uavs for military and civil applications. RTO AVI/VKI Special CourseGoogle Scholar
  21. Pankhurst RC, Holder DW (1952) Wind-tunnel technique; an account of experimental methods in low- and high-speed wind tunnels. Pitman, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Popov NA (2016) Pulsed nanosecond discharge in air at high specific deposited energy: fast gas heating and active particle production. Plasma Sources Sci Technol 25:044003. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rethmel C, Little J, Takashima K, Sinha A, Adamovich IV, Samimy M (2011) Flow separation control using nanosecond pulse driven DBD plasma actuators. Int J Flow Control 3:212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Roth JR (2003) Aerodynamic flow acceleration using paraelectric and peristaltic electrohydrodynamic effects of a one atmosphere uniform glow discharge plasma. Phys Plasmas 10:2117–2126. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Roupassov R, Nikipelov A, Nudnova M, Starikovskii A (2009) Flow separation control by plasma actuator with nanosecond pulsed-periodic discharge. AIAA J 47:168. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sato M, Aono H, Yakeno A et al (2015) Multifactorial effects of operating conditions of dielectric-barrier-discharge plasma actuator on laminar-separated-flow control. AIAA J 53:2544–2559. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sekimoto S, Sulaiman T, Anyoji M, Nonomura T, Fujii K (2014) Experimental study of a nano-second pulse plasma actuator for low Reynolds number flow control. AIAA Paper Google Scholar
  28. Takashima K, Zuzeek Y, Lempert WR, Adamovich IV (2011) Characterization of a surface dielectric barrier discharge plasma sustained by repetitive nanosecond pulses. Plasma Sources Sci Technol 20:055009. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Walker S, Segawa T (2012) Mitigation of flow separation using DBD plasma actuators on airfoils: a tool for more efficient wind turbine operation. Renew Energy 42:105–110. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Zhao Z, Li J, Zheng J, Cui Y, Khoo DBC (2015) Study of shock and induced flow dynamics by nanosecond dielectric-barrier-discharge plasma actuators. AIAA J 53:1336–1348. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Department of Electronic EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Aerospace EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations