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Outcomes of artificial urinary sphincter in female with neurological stress urinary incontinence: a long-term follow-up

Abstract

Purpose

To report the outcomes of AUS in women with neurological SUI resulting from intrinsic sphincter deficiency after a follow-up from 3 to 20 years.

Methods

The charts of female with moderate to severe neurological SUI who underwent open or laparoscopic AUS implantation between November 1994 and July 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were operated by a single experienced surgeon. Primary endpoint was a postoperative continence categorized as complete continence (no pads used), improved incontinence or unchanged incontinence.

Results

Twenty-three women (mean age 54 years, range 19–77) underwent open or laparoscopic AUS implantation. At the last follow-up, 7 (30.4%) initial artificial urinary sphincters remained in situ and 9 (39.1%) patients had at least one revision or reimplantation. Sixteen patients were fully continent (69.6%), four (17.4%) had improved incontinence and three (13.0%) had unchanged incontinence. After a median follow-up of 11.6 years (3–22), 8 (34.8%) explanations in 7 patients and 16 (69.6%) revisions in 11 patients occurred. The average time without explanation or revision was 10.9 and 8.5 years, respectively. Survival rates without AUS explanation were 94.4%, 76.5%, 72.8%, 50% and without revision were 83.3%, 64.7%, 45.5% and 16.7% at 5, 10, 15 and 20 years, respectively.

Conclusion

Although all methods are imperfect at best, AUS remain toward our experience a good way to achieve long-term continence in female patients suffering from neurological SUI with preserved manual dexterity.

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Acknowledgements

All authors have read and approved the paper.

Author information

TT: project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing. AS: data collection, data analysis, manuscript writing. PM: critical revision of the manuscript. CS: critical revision of the manuscript. AS: critical revision of the manuscript.

Correspondence to Thibault Tricard.

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All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Tricard, T., Schirmann, A., Munier, P. et al. Outcomes of artificial urinary sphincter in female with neurological stress urinary incontinence: a long-term follow-up. World J Urol (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00345-020-03105-2

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Keywords

  • Artificial urinary sphincter
  • Neurological patients
  • Outcomes
  • Intrinsic sphincter deficiency
  • Stress urinary incontinence