World Journal of Urology

, Volume 37, Issue 4, pp 655–660 | Cite as

Single-surgeon series of delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral injury: an analysis of surgical and patient-reported outcomes of a 10-year experience in a Japanese referral center

  • Akio HoriguchiEmail author
  • Masayuki Shinchi
  • Kenichiro Ojima
  • Ayako Masunaga
  • Keiichi Ito
  • Tomohiko Asano
  • Eiji Takahashi
  • Fumihiro Kimura
  • Ryuichi Azuma
Topic Paper



To report our experience with delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for pelvic fracture urethral injury (PFUI) during the last 10 years and evaluate both surgical and patient-reported outcomes.


Retrospective analysis of 115 patients undergoing delayed anastomotic urethroplasty for PFUI between 2008 and 2017 by a single surgeon (AH) was performed. Success was defined as a urethral lumen large enough for passage of a 17-Fr flexible cystoscope. We asked patients to complete questionnaires before (baseline) and 1 year after urethroplasty and compared by paired t and Wilcoxon signed-rank tests the answers to a question about LUTS-specific QOL and the health-related QOL indicated by EQ-5D index and visual analogue scores (EQVAS). Overall patient satisfaction 1 year after urethroplasty was also evaluated.


Urethroplasty was successful in 108 patients (93.9%), and failed urethroplasty was significantly associated with greater intraoperative blood loss (p = 0.009) and smaller surgical experience (p = 0.018). Sixty-six patients (57.4%) completed questionnaires 1 year after urethroplasty, and 65 of those 66 (98.5%) were “satisfied” (36.4%) or “very satisfied” (62.1%) with the outcome of their urethroplasty. The LUTS-specific QOL scores (p < 0.0001), EQ-5D index scores (p < 0.0001), and EQVAS scores (p < 0.0001) all improved significantly after urethroplasty.


Delayed anastomotic urethroplasty has a high success rate and significant beneficial effects on both LUTS-specific and health-related QOL, resulting in high patient satisfaction. Careful manipulation in a bloodless operative field by experienced surgeons could be the key to successful urethroplasty.


Pelvic fracture Urethral injury Urethroplasty Patient-reported outcome 



This study was supported by a grant for scientific research from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture (16H05467). We have no financial interests to disclose.

Author contributions

AH: data collection, project development, data analysis, and manuscript writing. MS: data collection/analysis. KO: data collection. AM: data collection. KI: data collection. TA: data collection. ET: data collection. FK: data collection. RA: data collection, project development, and manuscript editing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

For this type of study, formal consent is not required.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyNational Defense Medical CollegeTokorozawaJapan
  2. 2.Department of UrologyNishisaitama-chuo National HospitalSaitamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Plastic SurgeryNational Defense Medical CollegeSaitamaJapan

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