The effect of short-term preoperative ureteral stenting on the outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery for renal stones
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To evaluate the effect of preoperative ureteral stenting duration on the outcomes of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS).
Patients and methods
We reviewed our database of patients who underwent RIRS between May 2011 and April 2017 at our institution. The patients were divided into three groups according to preoperative ureteral stenting duration: group 1: no stenting, group 2: short preoperative stenting (< 7 days) and group 3: long preoperative stenting (≥ 7 days). We compared the rate of ureteral injury, other perioperative complications, ureteral dilation and readmission, stone-free rate (SFR) and operative time among the groups.
A total of 560 patients (215 in group 1, 177 in group 2 and 168 in group 3) were included in this study. The mean of maximum stone size was 13.1 (± 6.2) mm, the mean number of stones was 2.3 (± 1.9) and preoperative ureteral stenting duration was 7.2 (± 3.7) days. There were no significant differences in operative time (75.6, 78.5 and 82.4 min, p = 0.280), SFR (79.1, 84.2 and 81.0%, p = 0.433), ureteral injury rate (7.0, 5.1 and 2.4%, p = 0.123) and other perioperative complication rates (12.1, 6.8 and 6.0%, p = 0.061). The only one case of grade IV ureteral injury occurred in group 1 and the rate of ureteral dilation was significantly higher than in group 2 and 3 (14.9, 5.7 and 6.0%, p < 0.001).
Although preoperative ureteral stenting duration has no significant effect on operative outcomes, it is an effective procedure for reducing the rate of intraoperative ureteral balloon dilation and preventing high-grade ureteral injuries.
KeywordsRetrograde intrarenal surgery Preoperative ureteral stenting Duration Ureteral balloon dilation Ureteral injury
MHL: project development, data analysis, manuscript writing/editing. IJL, TJK: data analysis. CWJ, SCL, SKH, SSB: data collection. JJO: project development, data collection, data analysis, manuscript editing
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest with any institution or product.
We obtained Institutional Review Board approval. All procedures performed in studies were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study formal consent is not required.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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