Wake-up call for more doctor–patient communication and an increase in public information campaigns on the risk factor of smoking with regard to the development and prognosis of bladder cancer
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It was with great interest that we read the recently published data in the World Journal of Urology from the renowned Melbourne working group headed by Nathan Lawrentschuk . In this study, a survey was presented with 10 descriptive and 24 explorative items for the assessment of patients’ knowledge about the risk factor of smoking in general and in particular regarding urological aspects. Between November 2015 and March 2016, a total of 134 patients with either benign or malignant urological diseases took part in this survey; 112 of them could then be included in the final data analysis. As a result of the study, the Australian colleagues reported that smoking was named by 95% of patients as a risk factor for lung cancer, but only 46% identified smoking as a risk factor for urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) . It is justified to ask: what is going wrong in the UCB information campaigns and in the targeted doctor–patient communication on this subject, which is...
Author contribution statement
MM, CG, and MB: protocol/project development; PJS, OM, and MKD: data collection or management; MM and MKD: data analysis; and CG, PJS, OM, MKD, MB, and MM: manuscript writing/editing.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Research involving human participants and/or animals
The study was in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments. Informed consent was affirmed from all individual participants included in the study and ethical committee approval was obtained (BLAEK-EC No. 13012).
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