Effect of urodynamic preoperative detrusor overactivity on the outcomes of transurethral surgery in patients with male bladder outlet obstruction: a systematic review and meta-analysis

  • Myong Kim
  • Chang Wook Jeong
  • Seung-June OhEmail author
Original Article



To investigate the effect of urodynamic detrusor overactivity (DO) on the outcomes of transurethral surgery in patients with male bladder outlet obstruction (BOO).

Materials and methods

We systematically searched the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for articles published between January 1989 and June 2017. All results of eligible studies were synthesized.


Nine articles met the eligibility criteria. These studies included a total of 932 patients with a median number of 92 patients per study (range 40–190). Of the nine studies, the conventional transurethral prostatectomy was adopted in four studies, photoselective vaporization of prostate in three studies, and other surgical modalities in two studies. In patients with DO positive, the pooled mean difference (MD) was not significant for a better or poorer improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score [pooled MD, − 0.27; 95% confidence interval (CI), − 1.75 to 1.22; studies, 9; participants, 827], quality-of-life score (pooled MD, − 0.14; 95% CI, − 0.46 to 0.18; studies, 7; participants, 734), maximal flow rate (pooled MD, 0.79; 95% CI, − 1.57 to 3.14; studies, 8; participants, 781), and post-void residual volume (pooled MD, 2.81; 95% CI, − 4.70 to 10.32; studies, 6; participants, 509) compared to patients with DO negative. Some comparisons showed between-study heterogeneity despite the strict criteria of the eligible studies. However, there was no clear evidence of publication bias in the funnel plots.


Our meta-analysis results demonstrated that preoperative urodynamic DO has no diagnostic role in the prediction of surgical outcomes in patients with male BOO.


Benign prostatic hyperplasia Bladder outlet obstruction Transurethral surgery Treatment outcome Urodynamic study Detrusor overactivity 



The authors are indebted to Jung-Yun Lee (E-mail:, Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yonsei University College of Medicine for his pro bono technical advice about our meta-analysis.

Author contributions

MK data collection, data analysis, and manuscript writing; CWJ data collection, data analysis, and manuscript editing; SJO project development, data collection, data analysis, and manuscript editing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

This study was supported by Grant no. 23-2015-0050 from the Seoul National University Hospital Research Fund. The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Research involving human participants or animals

This study did not involve human participants or animals.

Informed consent

Not applicable.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, University of Ulsan College of MedicineAsan Medical CenterSeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Urology, Seoul National University College of MedicineSeoul National University HospitalSeoulRepublic of Korea

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