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Light Stress Responses and Prospects for Engineering Light Stress Tolerance in Crop Plants

  • Bo Yang
  • Jie TangEmail author
  • Zhihui Yu
  • Tushar Khare
  • Amrita Srivastav
  • Sagar Datir
  • Vinay KumarEmail author
Article
  • 70 Downloads

Abstract

Light constitutes one of the most important environmental factors for plant growth and development. It determines the photosynthetic rate and accumulate-assimilation besides its regulatory roles in plant growth and productivity. However, plants are frequently exposed to excess or inadequate light intensities and these fluctuations, collectively known as light stress, affect the agronomic traits in plants via inhibiting their physiological metabolic processes including photosynthesis, antioxidant machinery, and their abilities to fix atmospheric carbon and nitrogen. Within the photosynthetic machinery, photosystem II (PSII) and its reaction centers are particularly sensitive to these perturbations and have therefore been characterized as primary targets of light stress at physiological, biochemical, and molecular levels including microRNA (miRNA)-mediated post-transcriptional modifications. Through this review, we are presenting herein the current knowledge and recent updates on light stress and its significance for plant growth and crop yields, plant responses, and multilevel adaptation strategies to cope up with light stress including excess and low light. The review highlights and assesses the utilization of biotechnological tools for engineering light stress tolerance in major crops and model plants including omics and transgenic approaches and exploration of molecular markers and quantitative trait loci. The roles of miRNAs in regulation of light stress responses and adaptive mechanisms in plants have been discussed besides emphasizing on possible exploration of light-regulated miRNAs as potential targets for engineering light stress tolerance in crop plants.

Keywords

Light stress High light Low light Photosystem Photorespiration Photodamage Transgenics QTL miRNA 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Major Project of Science and Technology on Water Pollution Control and Management of China Comprehensive Treatment Technology and Research Project in Liao River Basin (No. 2012 ZX072009), Jilin Provincial Department of Education “13th Five-Year” Research Funding Project (JJKH20170341KJ), and Jilin Agricultural Science and Technology College Youth Fund Project (20171110).

Author Contributions

VK and JT conceived the idea; BY, JT, ZY, TK, AS, SD, and VK prepared the manuscript. All authors contributed substantially.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of New Energy and EnvironmentJilin UniversityChangchunChina
  2. 2.School of AgronomyJilin Agricultural Science and Technology CollegeJilinChina
  3. 3.Department of BiotechnologyModern College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Savitribai Phule Pune University)PuneIndia
  4. 4.Department of BiotechnologySavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia
  5. 5.Department of Environmental ScienceSavitribai Phule Pune UniversityPuneIndia

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