l-Arginine Pretreatment Enhances Drought Resistance of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Plants by Increase in Polyamines Content
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A significant reduction of fresh, dry biomass, shoot height, root length, succulent value, and leaf area were noticed as well as a significant accumulation of H2O2 and MDA contents in shoots and roots of sunflower plants in response to drought stress. Pretreatment of sunflower seeds with 2 mM arginine (Arg) resulted in a significant increase in all growth parameters and reduced H2O2 and MDA contents in drought-stressed plants. This was accompanied with a significant increase of total polyamine contents (PAs) in shoots and roots. The results of this study indicate that Arg-pretreatment and the increase of PAs especially in roots might prevent—to some extent—the oxidative stress of H2O2 on plasma membranes and hence maintain the water status and growth of drought-stressed sunflower plants and reveal the role of polyamines as a strategy mechanism against drought stress.
KeywordsHelianthus annuus Drought stress Arginine Putrescine Spermidine Spermine
We would like to express our profound gratefulness to Prof. Dr. Nabil El-Sayed Saber, for his inspiring guidance and his kind constructive advice.
This study was funded by Faculty of Science-Alexandria University.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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